The Reichstag building was burned down on 27 February 1933. This helped Hitler to gain a majority in the upcoming March election. The Nazis blamed the fire on the communists, specifically Van der Lubbe - and they claimed that he intended to spark a communist uprising in Germany. It is debatable as to who really caused the fire. Although Van der Lubbe confessed to it, some historians claim that the Nazis started the fire themselves deliberately to increase their chances of success.
The Removal of Opposition in 1933 Allowed Hitler to Become a Dictator The removal of both internal and external opposition in the period March 1933 to August 1934 allowed Hitler to become a dictator. The first thing Hitler had to do was to remove 'external' opposition, (opposition outside the party). On the 27th February 1933 the Reichstag building was set on fire. A Dutch communist was caught by the authorities, was put on trial and eventually found guilty of starting the fire. Hitler said the fire was evidence of a communist plot to take control of the government.
The coummists were another extremist group that many people voted for. On February 27th 1933 the Reichstag building was on fire. The man accused was Dutch communist Marinus van der Lubbe. Hitler used the incident to persuade Hindenburg to give him emergency powers. This allowed Hitler to stop communist meetings.
After taking office as chancellor, Hitler quickly out maneuvered Papen and the conservative nationalists. The Reichstag Fire, February 1933 A new Reichstag election was scheduled for early March 1933. Only a few days before the election, on February 27, the Reichstag building was partially destroyed by fire. The Nazis may well have set the blaze, but they blamed the Communists, charging that the Communists were plotting to seize power. Hitler convinced Hindenburg to take strong action against the supposed Communist threat,... ... middle of paper ... ...e population.
Whatever the case, Hitler claimed that the Communists were trying to intentianally thwart the Nazis' election campaign. He asked President Hindenburg for extra powers to deal with any potential hazards, prompting Hindenburg to issue the Decree for the Protection of People and State. This law allowed the government to arrest people at will and also take over provincial governments, and was the first step towards a totalitarian government. It allowed the Nazis to completely smash the Communist election campaign and gain more seats in the Reichstag. Despite this mass terror campaign, the nazi party still failed to win the majority of seats in the election, gaining under 44% of the votes.
The fire also allowed Hitler to pass the “Enabling act”, which basically meant that no one could oppose him and Germany had to do what he said without question. To aid this un-challenged state, Hitler killed a lot of members of the SA, who up until then had been a branch of the Nazi party. But they had socialist views, which were getting in the way of Hitler having ultimate power as a dictator. Finally President Hindenburg died and this allowed Hitler to seize total control of Germany. The Munich Putsch in 1923 was a failure for the Nazi party in the short term, but in the long run it helped Hitler to become dictator of Germany.
Operation Valkyrie was an assassination attempt on Adolf Hitler on July 20, 1944. After many aborted attempts of the assassination, Claus von Stauffenburg carried a briefcase with a ticking bomb inside into a conference room with Hitler and about twenty others. Stauffenburg and the other plotters planned to kill Hitler and take over the German government to assume control of the government, end eventually end the war. Even though Germany was already committed to World War II, Operation Valkyrie would have altered the course of the war, had it been successful. By 1944, Germany was already too committed to World War II for the death of Hitler to make a difference.
· August 1934 Hitler became Fuhrer and Reich Chancellor. I will go through each of these main steps and say how each of them effected Hitler and his establishment of the Nazi dictatorship. After the fire in the Reichstag on the 27th February 1933, which was believed to be started by a Communist, Hitler told President Hindenburg that Germany was in great danger from the Communists and convinced him to pass a law called, ‘The Protection of the People and State.’ This was made to look like a good law for the public when actually it was only good for Hitler. It gave him the power to suspend parts of the constitution. This enabled him to smash his opponents, the Communist’s, election campaign.
The Reichstag Fire 1. Source A was written by Rudolf Diels, who was the head of the Prussian political police at the time of the fire. In his account of events, he explains that he caught Van Der Lubbe red handed, the suspect was alone and there was no evidence that he could see that involved other people, even other communists. He strongly disagreed with Goring and Hitler's theory that Van Der Lubbe was aided in some way, and that the whole affair was a communist plot to seize power. During the trial of Van Der Lubbe in 1933, he openly confessed to setting fire to the building, but denied that he had been helped.
When they police arrived they found Marinus van der Lubbe on the premises. He confessed to starting the Reichstag Fire. However he denies that he was part of a Communist conspiracy. Hermann Goering refuses to believe him and he orders the arrest of several leaders of the German Communist Party. When Hitler heard the news about the fire he gave orders that all leaders of the German Communist Party should "be hanged that very night."