The good news is that tobacco use disorder can be addressed through various mechanisms. This research paper focuses on the symptoms, onset, etiology, comp... ... middle of paper ... ...401000167/ch163.html [accessed October 31, 2013] Kalman, D. et al. (2009). Addressing tobacco use disorder in smokers in early remission from alcohol dependence: The case for integrating smoking cessation services in substance use disorder treatment programs. Clinical Psychology Review.
Many people all over the world today have been taken into this habit. Worldwide, there are approximately one billion smokers. This habit is extremely addicting because of a substance called nicotine found within each cigarette. Once a person is sucked into this dirty habit, it is hard for them to quit. The smoke from a cigarette, consists of 100 million more harmful substances than the most polluted air.
Why is nicotine addictive? When people use tobacco product the nicotine quickly enters into the human blood stream. Shortly ten minutes after entering into the body the nicotine than reaches the brain which release adrenaline. Nicotine chemically changes the brain in a similar way to heroin and cocaine, so it’s no wonder so many tobacco users have a hard time quitting! A smoker usually feels a buzz of pleasure and energy which doesn’t last long and that’s when the smoker wants another cigarette.
The concern about the use the marijuana is because affect the development of the brain and affect the intellectuality. According to National Institute of Drug Abuse, the overstimulation of these receptors on the brain areas produces the marijuana "high," as well as other effects on mental processes. In facts the used of mariju... ... middle of paper ... ...ends Impact of Marijuana on Children and Adolescents. (2009). Retrieved from http://www.csam-asam.org/sites/default/files/impact_of_marijuana_on_children_and_adolescents.pdf Learn About Marijuana: Factsheets: Mental Health and Marijuana.
The cannabis is the plant that is used in order to form marijuana. Most people use this drug for recreational uses, however there are some people who use marijuana for medical purposes. What physical affects does marijuana have on the body during intoxication of the drug? A few minutes after inhaling the first puff of marijuana, an individual’s heart rate speeds up, the bronchial tubes began to relax and enlarge, and blood vessels in the eyes began to enlarge to make the eyes appear red. The heart rate—normally 70 to 80 beats per minute—may increase by 20 to 50 beats per minute, or may even double in some cases.
Other factors, notably industrial carcinogens may be involved, especially among smokers. An average smoker is ten times more likely to get lung cancer than in a nonsmoker. Smoking is estimated to be responsible for 30% of all cancer deaths. It is also associated with cancers of the mouth, throat, colon, pancreas, bladder, kidneys, stomach, and cervix, and related to 75% of chronic bronchitis cases and 80% of emphysema cases. Tobacco also affects the digestive system.
The Relationship Between Cigarette Smoking and Sleep Disturbance The topic that I have chose is the relationship between cigarette smoking and sleep disturbance. I chose this topic due the increasing population of young adult smokers. The side effects of cigarettes are endless, therefore I would like to focus on the relationship of smoking and sleep disturbance. The three journal references were found through online databases IDEAL, and PsyInfo. The journal reference found through PsyInfo is titled Cigarette smoking as a risk factor on an exacerbating factor for restless legs syndrome and sleep bruxism, written by G. Lavigne, F. Lobbezoo, P. Rompre, T. Nielsen, and J. Montplaisir.
When a smoker begins to inhale the cigarette, "drug levels peak within ten seconds of inhalation" ("The Deadly Effects of Tobacco Addiction"). Although drug levels peak within ten seconds then disappear, this is an astounding, very quick amount of time. In cigarettes, nicotine is the top contributor of complications in the body. This ingredient "causes addiction. Research shows that nicotine activates the parts of the brain that control feeling of pressure" ("The Deadly Effects of Tobacco Addiction").
At an average rate of ten puffs per cigarette, a one to three pack-a-day smoker inhales 70,000 to 200,000 individual doses of mainstream smoke during a single year. Ever since its large scale industrial production early in this century, the popularity of the modern cigarette has been spreading like wildfire. Here is the first, and perhaps the most significant answer to the title question: Addiction is in a cigarette. Probing into what makes a cigarette so irresistible, we find that much of the recent research corroborates earlier claims: It is for the nicotine in tobacco that the smoker smokes, the chewer chews, and the dipper dips. Hence, nicotine is in a cigarette.
A Tobacco plant is made up of approximately 5 percent of nicotine by weight. There are two categories of tobacco products cigarettes and smokeless tobacco. Nicotine has many effects on the body but the effect it has on the brain is responsible for the so called “good feeling” that is behind the addiction. Nicotine is considered to be addictive because of the psychological and physiological effects on a person. The Center for the Advancement of Health published the results of a study on teenager smokers: Almost two-thirds of the smokers had one or more symptoms of nicotine dependence, and of these, almost two-thirds said that they had their first symptom before they began smoking every day or that the symptoms had made them start smoking every day.