Adlerian Play Therapy Essay

1911 Words8 Pages
There are a total of four phases in the Adlerian Play Therapy where the importance varies from stage to stage. This applies to the roles played by the Adlerian Play Therapist as well. As the therapist goes from one stage to another stage, the roles changes according to the stages they are in. In the first phase of Adlerian Play Therapy, relationship is the central issues. Therapist needs to build an equitable relationship with the child. Therefore the central role of the therapist in this phase will be a partner or an encourager (Kottman, 2011). In order to build an equitable relationship between the therapist and the child, building trust and eliciting positive emotions from the child is very important. In this phase, therapist is usually…show more content…
The third phase of the therapy is where the therapist have an expectation for the child to have a change (Kottman, 2001). The therapist has already an understanding of the child’s lifestyle and is time to direct them into changing. In this phase, the therapist can be directive and non-directive at times. The therapist will be directive when it comes to pointing out to the child, his or her disruptive thoughts and showing the inconsistency between what is said and what is done (Kottman, 2001). At other times, therapist will be non-directive as they slowly guide the child to a better change. The therapist will be emphatically supportive by gradually moving the child to the understanding of the situations he or she is in and the relationship (Kottman, 2001). Thus, the role of the therapist in this phase of the Adlerian Play Therapy is rather…show more content…
To ensure the positive outcome of the therapy, an equitable and respectful relationship has to be build between the therapist and the child that is involved. There were a few. A few techniques are employed to ensure the positive relationship between the therapist and the child. One of the main techniques used in the first phase of the therapy will be encouragement. Encouragement is rather important in Adlerian Play Therapy because it is one of the Adlerian concepts that was used to show respect to the child, appreciate in what they could do, have faith in them and recognizing their efforts and improvements (Dinkmeyer, Dinkmeyer & Sperry, 1987 as cited in Kottman & Johnson, 1993). By encouraging them, an equitable and respectful relationship can be build between the therapist and the child. Child will start to have faith in themselves through the encouragement given by the therapist and this will leads them into having the trust for the therapist. This can successfully build the relationship between the therapist and the child. Besides that, the therapist need to implant in mind the thought that never help a child do things that he or she is capable of (Kottman & Johnson, 1993). The therapist can offer to do together but never to take full control in doing something. This is because the emphasis of the encouragement
Get Access