The factor that can cause a person to use are become a victim to substance abuse and began drug addiction by using drugs to get away from or numb themselves from their depression. According to A. Ellis and A. T. Beck recognized a concept about the position of cognition and abnormal behavior by working with clients in therapy. A. Ellis proposed an explanation of how the ABC system works; A is the activating experience; B the thinking or view that he realistically follow; and C, penalty for the individual, and behavioral. Erin T Beck has pointed out that psychological disorders often associated w... ... middle of paper ... ... J. H., & Manos, M. J. (2004).
Introduction The treatment of substance use disorders does not only involve abstaining from drugs and alcohol, but also repairing and rebuilding an addict’s life. Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) and Narcotics Anonymous (NA) are abstinence-based treatment methods. They are based on the disease model of addiction, in which the addiction will progress unless threated. In AA/NA, relapse is an expected part of recovery. Focusing on character defects, such as making amends and life long changes in daily living, AA/NA greatly emphasizes spiritual development.
In addition I will discuss how addiction affects the human health as well as the behavior that comes with an addicted personality along with theories that might explain an addictive personality. Last but not least speak on withdrawal, tolerance and recovery. How can we define such word like addiction; according to the text we’ve used in class; “Health Psychology” written by Sarafino, addiction is a condition formed by frequent consumption of a natural or artificial psychoactive substance, which the person has become physically and psychologically dependent on. To elaborate on each term, when a person is physically dependent, the body is accustomed to the substance and combined into the standard performance of the body’s muscles. The textbook also indicates that this term also comes with two types of characteristics, which are tolerance and withdrawal.
A closer look at Janet’s work illustrates the relationships he made between impaired circulation, congested tissues, cardiovascular functioning, changes in blood pressure and emotional imbalance. Janet’s connections laid the ground work for Reich’s work with somatic anxiety states which he found expressed through disruptions of pulsations in the fluids in tissues. Despite these early findings, psychosomatic therapies are less respected in the hard sciences; however, current authors are once again making the connection between physical illness and suppressed emotions (Leader & Corfield, 2007). I am hopeful th... ... middle of paper ... ... International Journal of Psychotherapy, 2(1), 45-56. Janet, P. (1895).
Retrieved December 6, 2011, from http://counsellingresource.com/features/2008/11/03/aggressive-personalities/ Friedman, H. S., & Schustack, M. W. (2006). Personality: classic theories and modern research. Needham Heights: Allyn And Bacon. (Original work published 1999) Simon, PhD, D. G. (2008, November 7). Understanding the Aggressive Personalities | CounsellingResource.com.CounsellingResource.com – Psychology, Therapy & Mental Health Resources.
Theories (models) in understanding substance abuse and addiction: older versus newer Any comprehensive theory (model) of substance abuse has to answer several difficult questions: What environmental and social factors in an individual’s life cause them to start abusing a drug? What factors cause them to continue? What physiological mechanisms make a drug rewarding? What is addiction, behaviorally and physiologically, and why is it so hard to quit? These questions can be answered in the major theories (models) that are described below using an integrative approach that addresses the problem of substance abuse and addiction as an urgent but elusive goal (Kauffman & Poulin, 1996).
An addiction not only can affect and ruin an individual’s health and quality of life, but it has wider reaching effects, as the individual may be seen as a burden or threat on their family and friends as well as the health care system and surrounding society. This report will be focusing on substance dependant addiction, mainly drugs and alcohol, and the risk factors making people more susceptible to it. In this report I will ask and address the following questions: Are there genetic, environmental or neurobiological factors which make some people particularly vulnerable to becoming addicted to drugs or alcohol? And, how do these factors interact? Although I shall mainly be covering in detail the genetic, neurobiological and some environmental factors explaining why some people are more likely to develop addictions than others, I shall briefly mention some other risk factors and explain how they may lead to addictions.
Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, v.72, i4, pg. 681(8) Nemeroff, Charles B., et. el. (2003) Differential Responses to Psychotherapy versus pharmacotherapy in Patients with Chronic Forms of Major Depression. National Academy of Sciences, v100, i24, pg.142(4) Rogers, Carl R., On Becoming a Person.
Clients are provided with alternatives on how they can effectively use their habit by reframing it as a learning experience that has setbacks and errors that are likely in any learning and growth process, this explains the cognitive technique for training. On the other hand, behavioral techniques are m... ... middle of paper ... ...acotherapy target for stimulant addiction. Addiction, 105(1), 38-48. Hester, R., Lubman, D. I., & Yücel, M. (2010). The role of executive control in human drug addiction.
The first stage is when the person assumes they can’t do something with is call th... ... middle of paper ... ... is represents a malfunction of human neurobehavioral adaptation. The product is used is the negative influence by the ones outcome and by the model behavior. This is when it is observe by others. According to Thombs and Osborn, “Self-Efficacy is an extremely important one in assisting people with substance disorders (183). Psychoanalytic formulations of addiction and the Cognitive models of addiction both tie together because when an addiction is formed the Psychotherapist can use the three treatment stages to see how aware the patient of their addiction and since cognitive is defined as a mental process, the clinical practice if today can perform treatment disorder test.