An addiction not only can affect and ruin an individual’s health and quality of life, but it has wider reaching effects, as the individual may be seen as a burden or threat on their family and friends as well as the health care system and surrounding society. This report will be focusing on substance dependant addiction, mainly drugs and alcohol, and the risk factors making people more susceptible to it. In this report I will ask and address the following questions: Are there genetic, environmental or neurobiological factors which make some people particularly vulnerable to becoming addicted to drugs or alcohol? And, how do these factors interact? Although I shall mainly be covering in detail the genetic, neurobiological and some environmental factors explaining why some people are more likely to develop addictions than others, I shall briefly mention some other risk factors and explain how they may lead to addictions.
When drugs enter the brain, the substance can disturb the organ and change how the brain performs its duties to function. These changes are what lead to a continuous yearning for drugs or addiction. The signals a drug sends to the brain get confused with that of a euphoric chemical called dopamine, which makes you feel good. After repeated use of drugs the brain in most cases becomes damaged and irreparable. Adolescents are more prone to addiction due to the fact that their brains are not yet fully developed.
Substance abuse among teenagers and young adults continues to call for a national concern for a number of reasons, one of them being the impact of these illicit substances on their health immediately or in their later lives. This research will concentrate on the abuse of cocaine, cannabis and ecstasy. Reports from various agencies frequently describe drug users as severely impaired health wise, recent research suggests that these outcomes are not extremely severe as people thought (Edwards, 2004). A thorough review of present literature suggests that substance abuse can leave the users vulnerable to a number of health problems. Many of these problems however can be tackled with a diversity of interventions.
Teen alcohol addiction - Is there any hope for a teenager who wants to get his or her life straightened out? It's very interesting that I find myself writing about something that not only is commonsense, but what is more, something that every one knows about in general but may not in particular. Alcohol use among teenagers is a serious problem and is responsible for death and injury in automobile accidents, physical and emotional disability, deterioration of academic performances, aggressive behavior that causes a number of other sociological problems in families and among friends. It is also the primary cause of criminal behavior and a leading cause of broken marriages. As we know it's a broad topic therefore I'll look at the role that alcohol plays in the society and its impact on teenage addiction.
Works Cited Wong, W. Ford, K. Pagels, E. McCutcheon, J. Marinelli, M. (2013) Adolescents Are More Vulnerable to Cocaine Addiction: Behavioral and Electrophysiological Evidence. The journal of neuroscience Dobler-Mikola, A. Gschwed, P. Gutzwiller, F. Steffen, T. Rehm, J. Ucthengagen, A. (2001) Fesaibility, Safely, and Efficacy of Injectable Heroin Prescription for Refractory Opioid Addicts: a follow-up study. The Lancet, volume 358, pg 1417-1420 Everitt, B. Robbins, T. (1999) Drug addiction: bad habits add up. Macmillian Magazines, volume 389, pg 567-570.
Alcoholism is a collective predicament and may lead to a lot of problems such as driving under influence, domestic violence, rape, assaults, murder, suicide, early pregnancies and school dropout (Hingson, Zakocs, Heeren, & Winter, 2004). Alcoholism may also lead to emotional and physical problems causing victims to suffer from depression, liver and heart diseases. The cost involved in managing alcoholism also makes it a social problem. Sociology refers to the study of people’s social life, consequences and causes of human behavior and social change. Sociologists analyze group structures, societies, organizations and the way people interact within these limits.
Individuals Suffering from Alcohol/Substance Abuse and Mental Illness In this day in age, there are many diseases that one can contract. Sometimes a person contracts a disease because it was contagious, and others because they are genetically prone to it. Still others contract diseases and disorders in ways that are not clear to doctors and medical researchers. In recent years, alcoholism and substance abuse have been labeled as diseases because of new research findings that doctors have discovered regarding the biological and psychological factors causing someone to become an alcoholic or a substance abuser. Anyone who has a friend of family member who suffers from any form of substance abuse knows the extreme difficulty of helping the suffering individual seek help and recover.
Most teens with mental illness symptoms self medicate themselves by using drugs, however, this worsens t... ... middle of paper ... ... question. The rest said their drug abuse came first. When cigarettes were first linked to lung cancer, the link was controversial, much like the link between drug use and mental illness. If drug use does not lead to mental illness, then it makes the symptoms of a person with a mental illness more prominent. The mind is still developing throughout adolescence, and some might argue that the brain never fully develops.
BODY A. Main Point: What defines an addiction? According to Psychology Today, “Addiction is a condition that results when a person ingests a substance…. or engages in an activity….that can be pleasurable but the continued use/act of which becomes compulsive and interferes with ordinary life responsibilities, such as work, relationships, or health.” This can range anywhere from drug use to eating disorders, to gambling, to even texting in today’s generation. Shocking to say the least, especially when most people do not even know they are addicted or are an addict until they realize this definition.
Addiction is characterized by strong and sometimes uncontrollable drug cravings, and use that continues even if they are facing devastating outcomes. It is very important to address addiction to a wide variety of drugs like tobacco, illicit, and prescription drugs. Addiction affects many brain circuits, including those involved in reward and motivation, learning, memory, and inhibitory control over behavior. That is why addiction is classified as abrain disease. Some individuals are more suseptible than others to becoming addicted, depending somewhat on the type of genetics, age of exposure to drugs, and other environmental factors.