The state level thought that it was the civil rights protestor who were to blame for the higher crime. However, on a federal level, these individuals thought that integration would be dangerous, as well as increasing the crime. The Presidential candidates during this time frame were extremely focused on a tough on crime stance, and began to fully support and blame African Americans for this issue. There was most certainly tension between the Republicans running on this platform and the African American citizens (Campbell and Schoenfeld,
The government did not help but only added on to the slave issue at hand. With the ending of the twenty-year ban on Congressional action, Thomas Jefferson, who did not like the idea of slavery, initiates congress to criminalize the slave trades because it’s a violation of human rights, which have been going on for so long. Quickly, Jefferson had Congress outlaws the international slave trade with the act prohibiting Importation of Slaves. Importing or exporting slaves will be a federal crime, which all this doesn’t stop some whites obsessed with having a slave, thus illegal immigrants became a way of a quick pay day for some people. Gradually as the year grew on, the downfall of the African Ame... ... middle of paper ... ...ssed.
As a consequence of this renewed fervor against drug use lower class citizens have faced the grunt of Reagan’s war. When the war on drugs started drug use was down and most communities didn’t really care about it, even police departments were against it. Parenti states that police argued that the war on drugs (WOD) would drain resources from serious crimes. So the Reagan Administration helped pass the Byrne program, which gave police departments, millions of dollars, military equipment, and training if they made the WOD their priority. Departments soon began to compete for the money, which resulted in the quick militarization of police.
In the Wall Street Journal, leadership responsibility is generally deflected to the black communities themselves, evoking a “do it yourself” mentality. The implications of this line of thought are huge because they excuse Americans at large from confronting the inequalities they have created in society, designating the violence in the riots as a consequence of factors relevant only to poor black communities. In “Campaign 92” John Buchanan is quoted saying that he strongly apposes social programs and thinks that they actually hinder impoverished communities’ ability to improve their own situation. By downplaying the power of the government, opinions like this one take pressure off politicians to lead reform. Other articles such as “The Los Angeles Riots --- Who Speaks for Blacks?” show a subtle continuation of these themes, though through a more liberal lens.
The development of African Americans becoming recognized as citizens became a symbol for signs of the Reconstruction Era coming into full effect. The fight for citizenship from African Americans was important because it made others want to fight for equal rights as well. Even though African Americans were putting themselves out there to get more rights but whites still wanted restrict them as much as possible even if they would be considered freed people. (Brundage, N/A) Even the Chinese were looked down upon early on and throughout the course of history. There were laws passed by the federal, state and local governments to put a hamper on immigration that was fo... ... middle of paper ... ...emselves as the push for equal rights continued to gain steam.
(13th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution: Abolition of Slavery)Although slavery was unjust, it led to laws of equality and redefined freedom. Until now, slaves were a major factor in the everyday lives of Americans. However, using slaves for labor and treating them more as objects instead of people became a negative trend set by slave owners. To illustrate how the slaves were previously treated before amendments were made to the constitution, one might ask a previous slave owner to recall a few accounts of abuse. Abuse was more prevalent that one would expect.
This War on Drugs targets black men in many ways including in the Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1986, more serious punishments were implemented for crack distribution (associated more with Black people) than pure cocaine (associated more commonly with upper class White people). Civil penalties as well, like not being able to live in public housing or get student loans, accompany the harsh prison sentences. Michelle Alexander writes of the effects of mass incarceration on Black Americans in the United States. Michelle Alexander explains that the Jim Crow laws from before are functionally equivalent to todays mass incarceration practices. There is a racial disproportion impact of the War on Drugs, which drove the increase of incarceration rates.
It would be ignorant to say racism does not exist till today. There is almost a complete 100 year difference between the reconstruction period and the Civil Rights Movement for equal rights to the Black society. While slavery took time to vanish in the south in those hundreds of years, segregation was pushed harshly, laws we 're enacted to prevent Blacks from having certain privileges that whites had. Segregation almost seemed to kick the Blacks out of the society we live together in. The Jim Crow laws had made efficient work in separating the Blacks from the Whites in society, and it took the Civil Rights movement in 1964 to finally bring more equality to the African-American society.
Jim Crow was more than just a series of severe anti-Black laws, it became a way of life. Under Jim Crow, African Americans were positioned to the status of second class citizens. What Jim Crow did is represented the anti-Black racism. Further on, In 1970’s the term “War on Drugs” was coined by President Richard Nixon . Later President Ronald Reagan officially declared the current drug war.
The effects of being labeled a convicted felon is similar to the era before the civil rights laws were passed. I argue that that the United States government has intentionally created policies in which, it has become more indirect over the years, allowing them to unfairly discriminate blacks and mass incarceration while creating invisible blanket of privileges for whites. Through incarceration, the rights of blacks and aid from government agencies are revoked, thus creating an endless cycle of futility. In the beginning of our nation, blacks were not considered slaves, but as indentured servants. Blacks were introduced by the Virginia Company as a source of labor to increase the colony’s economy.