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Archaeology of South Abydos The late Middle Kingdom settled in a city within Egypt called Microcosm which Microcosms located just south of Abydos. In Microcosm architectural and social engineering took place over 3,850 years ago in southern Egypt. There are scared burial sites throughout Egypt within southern Abydos. Abydos was the first burial place of Egypt’s first pharaohs and religious center for the god Osiris. Osiris was referred to as the God of the dead and the ruler of the underworld.
“If the typical Egyptian stela looks suspiciously like a traditional tombstone, the reason is because traditional tombstones are a modern rendition of these ancient markers. Stela is a Latin word derived from the Greek stele, which means pillar or vertical tablet. In English, the usual forms are stele and steles. In ancient Egypt, stelae are slabs of stone or wood, of many different shapes, usually bearing inscriptions, reliefs or paintings” (Egypt, 1996). The Stela fragment of Mut and Amun was created during the New Kingdom, Egypt predicted to be sometime between 1,550 and 1,069 BCE.
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