Acid rain is formed when sulfur dioxide and various nitrogen oxides combine with atmospheric moisture. Sulfur dioxide is produced by the emissions of electric utilities, industrial companies, commercial and residential heating, smelters and diesel engines. Sulfur dioxide produces sulfuric acid, which will produce acid rain. Nitrogen oxides are produced mostly by transportation (cars, trucks, planes, etc.). Nitrogen oxides produce nitric acid, which will also produce acid rain.
Acid rain is rain that is more acidic than normal. Acid rain is a complicated problem. Caused by air pollution, acid rain's spread and damage involves weather, chemistry, soil, and the life cycles of plants and animals on the land and from acid rain in the water. Scientists have discovered that air pollution from the burning of fossil fuels is the major cause of acid rain. Power plants and factories burn coal and oil.
During combustion, nitric oxides and sulfur dioxides are converted into nitric acid and sulfuric acid. The more harmful of these two acids is sulfuric acid. These are then released into the atmosphere and it falls back to the earth in the form of precipitation. The most common substance in acid rain is carbon dioxide. Acid rain is caused by industrialization.
The most common natural cause of acid rain are volcanoes. When the volcano explodes, it sends ash up into the atmosphere which mix with the air particles. This is a natural cause of acid rain. Some man made causes of acid rain are fossil fuels. Fossil fuels are made up of sulfur... ... middle of paper ... ...d it.
Both sulfur and nitrogen dioxide are water soluble and can easily carry with wind and become part of rain. Nature works on balance. Some rains have pH level around 5.0 that’s makes them naturally acidic. In natural acid rain the sulfur comes from the volcano eruptions they emit large amounts of sulfur dioxide while nitric acid in rain is produced by lightning activity in the atmosphere. Natural rain reacts with non-acidic materials that are naturally present in air, rocks, bed rock, streams and lakes.
Problematic Issues Caused by Acid Rain Acid rain has been problematic to the earth’s environment for many years in North America. What is Acid Rain? What causes Acid Rain? How is Acid Rain damageable to the Earths soil? Acid Rain is rain that contains a high concentration of pollutants, chiefly sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxide, released into the earth’s atmosphere by the burning of fossil fuels such as coal and oil.
What is Acid Rain? Acid rain is a form of precipitation that falls to the earth as rain. For rain to be acidic it has a pH level of less than 5.6. The corrosive nature of acid rain causes widespread damage to the environment. The problem begins with the production of sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides from the burning of fossil fuels, such as coal, natural gas, oil and other kinds of manufacturing.
CO2 reacts with water to form carbonic acid. Nitrogen and water react during lightning storms, forming Nitric Oxide. NO is then oxidized to form N02. The NO2 reacts with water to form nitric acid. Due to this, the pH is lowered to be slightly acidic (Acid Rain).
Precipitation is naturally acidic because of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. Acid rain begins with the production of sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides from the burning of fossil fuels, such as coal, natural gas, oil, and from certain kinds of manufacturing. Sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides react with water and other chemicals in the air to from sulfuric acid, nitric acid, and other pollutants ( ). What was once a local problem for towns and cities is now an international problem. The spread of this problem originated from tall chimneys dispersing pollutants high into the atmosphere, which then traveled with the wind for thousands of kilometers until once again reaching the ground in an invisible state.
Scientists have discovered that air pollution from the burning of fossil fuels is the major cause of acid rain. Power plants and factories burn coal and oil, which is used to produce the electricity we need to heat and light our homes and to run our electric appliances. We also burn natural gas, coal, and oil to heat our homes, and our cars, trucks, boats, and airplanes use gasoline to run, which is another fossil fuel. The smoke and fumes from burning fossil fuels rise into the atmosphere and combine with the moisture in the air to form acid rain. The main chemicals in air pollution that create acid rain are sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides.