When thought of acid rain, some people may think of green, burning acid falling from the sky, destroying everything in sight. This may be a bit ridiculous and hard to believe, but as absurd as it sound, it is not far from the truth. Acid deposition has long been a subject of debate because of the widespread environ-mental damage it is responsible for. As one of the major results of air pollution, acid rain can corrode metal and limestone structures, leach important minerals, decreased fertility of soils, and lower pH in lakes and ponds. For those who fear "the end of the world," acid rain may pose a threat as it creates a bad environment for both animal and human.
Over many years soils that aren’t the best at buffering out acid rain can become increasingly acidic. This leads to a decrease in the ability to support healthy plant life. Over time soils may become so acidic that aluminum dissolves and is carried by rain water into bodies of water. Aluminum that is dissolved is very toxic and harmful to all aquatic life. Areas of higher elevation, such as high mountain areas, are more sensitive to the effects of acid rain.
More specifically, forest, soil, aquatic life, and public health. Acid rain gets rid of minerals and nutrients from soil that trees need to legitimately grow. Trees influenced by corrosive rain are weakened and develop slowly. They become frail and are prone to be harmed by ice, creepy crawlies and illnesses. ("Understanding Acid Rain" S1) Acid rain harms leaves and at this point, they can no longer utilize photosynthesis adequately to make enough food to keep a tree developing.
These poisonous gases are being produced when fossil fuels are burnt, as a result of this acid rain forms which further more results in numerous problems damaging forests, lakes, rivers, land, plants and animals. The main culprits of burning fossil fuels are MEDC's, which insist on maintaining their high standards of living. What is acid rain? Rain is naturally acidic but the term 'acid rain' is usually referred to as rain, which has been made more acidic than it should be due to the atmosphere absorbing the gasses emitted from the burning of fossil fuels. The gases are oxides of nitrogen and sulphur.
Many regions are also mountainous and it is too steep for the rain to actually soak down and be neutralized. This is the major problem that is hurting many of the waterways around the Adirondack Mountain Region. However acid rain isn’t just a problem in the United States. Several other countries have recorded acidic pH read... ... middle of paper ... ...know that it is actually acid rain that has been destroying our environment we need to realize that it is very important to find a solution as soon as possible. We need to realize that our lives depends on the well-being of other species(Miller 99).
The EPA's stricter regulations could help cut down on the pollution and help the environment, slowly build back up. One major, disadvantage to using coal, is the impact it has on our environment. Mining the coal itself, causes the land to be damaged. On top of the land damage, the actual burning of the coal emits harmful waste into the air, land and water causing acid rain, smog, and toxic air pollution. The acid rain is taking a big toll on the environment, by killing plants and damaging the water systems.
When it falls like rain it washes away the nutrients trees need to live on. The trees are then starved to death, due to the lack of nutrients such as calcium and magnesium. Studies have showed that calcium and magnesium nutrients are washed away from their growing spots when sulfuric acid enters the system. Nitrogen oxide and nitric oxide, also components of acid rain, can force trees to grown even thought they do not have sufficient nutrients. Another of the effects of acid rain is on lakes and aquatic ecosystems.
Another factor in the depletion and deterioration of our water resources is from harnessing energy, hydroelectricity uses a dam to harness the water flow to produce energy which disrupts the balance of the river and lakes. It shifts the amount of water so some spices in the ecosystem get too much water and some get to less, it also limits the migration of fish, this offset can be dangerous to the quality of the water. Mining for coal is another way harnessing energy has a negative effect on our water supplies. When mining for coal if an aquifer or lake gets access to the mine the water will be contaminated with dangerous metals resulting in the deterioration of the quality of the water making it unusable. All of these factors are key components in economically developing countries, energy
These pollutants include unburnt hydrocarbons, particulate matter, such as ash or soot, and sulfur and nitrogen oxides (Lecture 3/11/02). The combination of these pollutants often results in smog, a problem most pressing in California (http://www.sparetheair.org/). Major challenges exist concerning environmental problems with fossil fuel use. One challenge is to reduce fossil fuel use, in general, while also accommodating the increasing population and industrialization (Lecture 3/18/02). A second challenge is to remember to put human life before the need for industrialization.
Acid rain is becoming a growing problem in the world and especially in the United States and it is due to pollution in the air. It is causing destruction to statues and buildings as well as cars and other outside objects. Acid rain has also been linked to problems with wildlife populations and health. However, there are things that we can do to help control the problem and things that can be done to help prevent it. Acid rain is produced in a few different ways, one is a natural way the naturally occurs in the environment when fires and marshes release sulfate and nitrate, and the other is produced from the chemicals and elements that we send into the air.