Accessibility Of Child Education

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I. Introduction For the past few decades, Peru, a developing third world country, has been striving to increase accessibility to education in low-income communities. After several attempts to accommodate to different communities like street children, stable family homes, and orphanages, with the help of different organizations and the World Millennium Developmental Goals, Peru has managed to accomplish the second goal of the MDG (accessible education for all) two years before the deadline (World Bank 2012). In this literature review, I will discuss the debate of how accessible education is among children living with their parents versus the accessibility of education of orphan children, and whether these children are receiving a fair education. I will also discuss the general assumptions people have of the education system between both kinds of children. Initiatives and policies implemented to help achieve an increase in education will also play an essential role. II. Orphanages v. Foster Care Before talking about the steps Peru took towards providing an education to children in both, low-income communities, as well as to those children who are currently living in the streets and orphanages, it is important to differentiate between orphanages and foster care. Although these institutions are very similar, each one serves a different purpose. Orphanages are residential institutions devoted to take care of orphans – children whose natural parents are deceased or otherwise unable or unwilling to care for them. (Freundlich 2008) An orphanage is not intended to function as a “family resource center to reunify families or work to help children live in alternate families; nor does it provide comprehensive professional treatment services... ... middle of paper ... ...pends on the adults. The Ministry of Education has tried its best to increase enrollment rates amongst all children in Peru, but the adults play a huge role when deciding if their children should go to school. Like I mentioned above, specially those who live in orphanages or with relatives, might suffer a little more because sometimes the adults do not show an interest in the education of the child, and are left with little to no education. Despite these barriers placed on children, as of 2008, various institutions such as UNESCO, World Bank, and the Inter-American Development Bank have stated that Peru has the best education system in Latin America, and that primary, secondary, and superior education attendance rates were the highest in Latin America (Declaration and Inter-agency 2008). As of now, Peru has one of the highest illiteracy rates amongst its residents.
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