Access, Equity and Equality in Sport and Physical Activity: Peter Figueroa

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Volleyball is a game which consists of teams of six which rally a ball over a net. Although anyone can play volleyball, sociologists have used a tool which displays how an individual decides to participate by exploring socio-cultural factors that can influence equity and access within sport. This tool is known as Figueroa’s Framework which was constructed by Peter Figueroa. “Figueroa developed a tool to investigate the issues surrounding access, equity and equality in sport and physical activity.” ( This framework consists of five levels they are Cultural, Structural, Institutional, Interpersonal and Individual; each level contributes to one another. Equity derived from the word equality looks at the equal opportunity/chance for everyone within any sport, whereas access focuses on the accessibility to equipment, a court, coaches etc. Both these elements have major impacts on whether the individual can easily participate and feel welcome in the sport. Figueroa’s Framework will be used to observe the Individual and Interpersonal level to self-evaluate my own participation and success in the sport Volleyball. These two levels will be discussed to demonstrate how the sport volleyball can be selected and what impact and effects are taken into consideration of this process and how they respond and develop. Problems in the equity of the sport will be looked and ideas will be discussed which could increase equity in the sport.
There are five key factors which the first level of Figueroa’s Framework (Individual Level) can be further broken down. These are: body image and self concept, genetics, somatotype, talent and attitudes. These can be interlinked with Maslow’s needs hierarchy which looks at “a motivational theor...

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...e that the individual and interpersonal level do have a major impact on their decision and participation. Finally it has shown changes which could be made to improve performance within the class/individual and how the framework can help in improvement and self-realisation of problems.

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