The well-known theory lists human needs within a pyramidal structure to show how we prioritize certain basic needs before moving on to the next rung of needs. Starting from the base of the pyramid, the needs that motivate human behaviour, according to Maslow, are as follows: 1. Physiological 2. Safety 3. Belongingness and love 4.
The third level stresses the importance of love or belonging such as marriage, friendship, and family. In the fourth level, Maslow introduces the importance of a human beings need for esteem. This includes feelings of accomplishment, confidence, respect for others and oneself, and self-esteem. Once each level of needs has been completed, Maslow believed a person could finally achieve self-actualization or the peak experiences in one’s life. This final level in his hierarchy includes achieving the needs of morality, creativity, spontaneity, and so on (Koltko-Rivera, 2006, p. 303).
Abraham Maslow proposed a theory concerning human motivations that was based upon a hierarchy of needs. Basic physiological drives like thirst, hunger and sleep, as well as the need for safety, shelter and some feeling of security are the motivational needs that must first be met. They provide the foundation for higher level of motivations to become present and available as needs the indvidual is aroused to attain. Each higher order of motivational need is built upon a more basic need. After physiological and safety needs are met then the individual looks to belong and be accepted by peers and groups that they identify with.
Conclusion Maslow’s hierarchy of needs has taught us that needs inevitably influence behaviour. These needs are satisfied in the order of the most basic physiological needs such as air to more complex self actualisation needs such as individual growth. An individual’s ability to satisfy these needs may vary as it is influenced by factors such social status and the living environment. Nonetheless, it is vital that these needs are satisfied in order to ensure the survival of mankind.
No one mentioned it. But it dwelt in the boat, and each man felt it warm him” (Crane 993). Crane understood first-hand the struggle and the reliance on others having survived the real life shipwreck of the S.S. Commodore off the coast of Florida in 1897. “The Open Boat” is an intriguing read due to Crane’s personal experience and though it is a fictional piece it shares insight into the human mind. Crain did not simply retell a story, but by sharing the struggles with each character he sought to portray the theme of an inner struggle with nature by using the literary devices of personification of nature, symbolism of the boat, and iron... ... middle of paper ... ...held him in the sea that swirled him out and safely over the boat to water in which he could touch.
In Maslow’s pyramid the need for survival in the foundation. This is because it is the most important and essential need. It is also the lowest order of the needs and therefore is the need that needs to be is met first. The need for survival is physical need and includes the need for food, water, shelter, sleep and oxygen (Boeree, 2006: np). If these needs are not met they become the key driving or motivating force in a person’s life.
In order for the couple to maintain a healthy and successful relationship, the couple should nurture open and honest communication, encourage the expression of feelings, and build self-esteem amongst each other. Communication is a significant component in a healthy and successful relationship. The three main successful parts to communication is verbal communication, physical communication, and mental communication. Verbal communication is the ability to carry out a successful conversation without any interruptions. For instance, when a couple argues, it should be over a justifiable reason and not over something minute.
Needs are the physical or psychological requirements that must be met to ensure survival and wellbeing. (Mc Williams & Williams 2010). There are three type of approaches which is Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs, Alderfer’s ERG theory and McClelland’s Learned Needs Theory. Hence, the purpose of this essay is to discuss what motivation and explain reinforcement theory of motivation in detail and also personal example. According to Mc Williams & Williams (2010) states that motivation is the set of forces that initiates, directs and makes people persist in their efforts to accomplish a goal.
In Marslow’s hierarchy, individuals need to fulfill their physical needs, feel secure, belonging, self-esteem and self-actualization. Basic physical needs are things such as the need for food, water and other essential things for survival. Every individual needs to feel safe from threats such as physical threats, variability and unpredictability of the environment and emotional stress. People often feel the need for relationships such as love, friendship and other feelings