Abraham Lincoln Inaugural Address Analysis

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Abraham Lincoln Lincoln’s administration represents the height of presidential power during the first century under the constitution. The exigencies of the Civil War demanded that Lincoln wield a range of powers unlike any the county had ever witness, and many of his enemies accused him of taking on dictatorial or tyrannical powers. He however felt it was his duty to save the Union by whatever means necessary. In Lincoln’s first inaugural address he laid out his arguments as to why secession was unconstitutional and why is was his duty as president under the constitution to combat secession. The Supreme Court in Texas v. White eventually endorsed Lincoln’s argument in most respects. He believed the Union was never ending, perpetual and could not be divided. Lincoln was not going to stand by idly, as James Buchanan did, and allow the South to ignore federal law while the country tore apart. Lincoln unleashed the most extraordinary period of unilateral presidential action that the republic has ever witnessed between March 4, 186 and July 4, 1861. If the circumstances were any less, he would not have been excused for taking some of the steps he took without congressional approval. Lincoln began by calling Congress back for an emergency session. This allowed for the first three months of the Civil War to be the president’s war. This afforded Lincoln the chance to take several important actions to address the secession of the South. President Lincoln began by ordering Union forts and other national outposts and property be defended by federal troops. This required the mobilization of supplies and troops without the consent of Congress. Next, Lincoln dramatically increased the size of both the army and navy by preside... ... middle of paper ... ... on December 6, 1864, “The Executive power itself would be greatly diminished by the cessation of actual war.” Only a few months later, he became the first president in American history to be assassinated. A southern traitor fired a fatal shot, shouting, “Sic semper tyrannis”—thus always to tyrants. Lincoln exercised more independent power than any president in American history, before or since. He did so all to uphold his oath to defend the Constitution and to unite the Union as whole again. He remained silent on a few occasions when Congress transgressed the rights accorded to him as the unitary executive, but he always kept his eye on what was important, which was winning what should rightly be called the War of the Rebel lion. No president ever did more than Lincoln to take care that the laws be faithfully executed, and that makes him a hero of the people.
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