This act was supported by Southerners which lead to the North becoming more worried about ending slavery. In 1857 salves legal status was debated in Dred Scott verses Sandford, when a free slave argued for his freedom. His argument was that he had lived where slavery was prohibited by the Missouri Compromise. Scott lost the case because Congress had no power to control slavery there.
The states were balanced, but this compromise was a factor for the civil war because the North was still against the expansion of slavery. Southern citizens also opposed it because it allowed Congress to make laws regarding slavery. These arguments over slavery would still continue even though the states were balanced. Later on, the Kansas- Nebraska act repealed this compromise as it allowed popular sovereignty to decide whether Kansas and Nebraska (both above the 36 30’ line) would be slave or free states. The Dred Scott decision even stated that the Missouri Compromise was unconstitutional by the Fifth Amendment which prevented Congress from depriving people of their property (slaves) without the due process of law.
Abraham Lincoln started is great journey by becoming a country lawyer , a whig party leader , Illinois state legislator, and one term in the United States House of Representitives during in the 1830's. With no support from the south Abraham Lincoln swept the north and was elected president in 1860. Abraham Lincoln had several goals , but what makes him such a good president is he accomplished his goal's , he wanted to get rid of slavery and he fought to succeed in that. Abraham Lincoln used what was called Emancipation Proclamation in 1863 to use the army to help protect escaped slaves. Abraham Lincoln wanted to encourage the border states to outlaw slavery.
D) Before the secession of the south, the issue of slavery was dividing the Union. Since the institute of slavery was not directly mentioned in the Constitution, both the North and South claimed that the Constitution was in their favor. The North claimed it did not protect the institute of slavery, while the South said that it protected a citizen’s property, which they believed that the slaves were. From the Compromise of 1850 the Utah and New Mexico territories were left up to popular sovereignty to determine if they were slave or free. While the Fugitive Slave Law of 1850 made it increasingly more difficult for escaping former slaves to hold on to freedom in the North.
The North did not believe in slavery and wanted no part in owning another human being because that believed that it was wrong and unhuman and that god had not approved of owning a slave. The Northern parts and Southern parts of America experienced the session crises very differently, with the Northerners looking at ending slavery over a graduated period of time and the Southerners demanding the rights that they own come to them from the Constitution of America and states’ rights that were given to them with the help of their Southern leaders who were more responsible for the session crisis than the Northern leaders were. The civil war was a war between the Union and Confederacy in the United States or between the North and the South. One of the major causes why the civil war broke out was because of slavery. In the book At the Precipice
It was agreed upon by the Republicans that the only way the southern states would be welcomed back into the Union was if they ratified the Fourteenth Amendment but then President Johnson told the states that they should ignore this law and not pass it. Congress had the majority of votes that were in favor of the southern states adopting the amendment so it was put into law. The last congressional Reconstruction measure that was passed was the Civil Rights Act of 1875, which prohibited racial discrimination in transportation, restaurants and jury selection. Unfortunately it did not guarantee equality in schools, churches or cemeteries so it led to many problems in the future. After the end of Reconstruction, the idea of the “New South” arose and the main advocate of this was Henry Grady, editor for the Atlanta Constitution (Grem).
In one of his later speeches, delivered in 1865, he argues for restricted black suffrage, saying that any black man who served the Union during the Civil War should have the right to vote. Beforehand, Lincoln believed the idea that a majority of the African-American population should return to Africa or Central America; this would have been the better solution for slavery. Henry Clay and Thomas Jefferson favored with Lincoln on this idea, while both men were slave owners. Lincoln’s support of the colonization triggered great anger among the black leaders and abolitionist, who argued that African-Americans were just as native to this country as whites, and they deserved the same rights. “After he issued the first Emancipation Proclamation, Lincoln never again spoke publicly of colonization, and the mention of an early released of the proclamation was deleted by the tune the last was issued in January of 1863.” (Howell, Maria
But the Emancipation proclamation that was passed in January 1st 1863 did not apply to all of the slaves it was only for the slaves who were in the Confederacy. However; we know that Abraham opposed slavery, as a representative in Washington he believed that the practice was protected by the laws in the South and those by the states. In my opinion, I believe that President Abraham Lincoln does deserve the title of “The Great Emancipator” because, throughout his mandatory of the United States, he became known as the great emancipator this title was given to him because he freed blacks from slavery and then they decided to give him this title. It wasn 't until March 1861, that Abraham Lincoln took the oath and became the sixteenth president of the united states. During that time the country had been struggling with slavery and what would happen to slaves for many years.
In fact, he states at one point during the debates between Douglas and himself, “I will say then that I am not, nor ever have been, in favor of bringing about in any way the social and political equality of the white and black races” (Borrit 2002). In regards to forcing Blacks to work for whites under harmful circumstances, he states the people did not deserve to be treated like animals, but at the same time, they had their places. The only concern with his disagreement of slavery was that it went against the foundation of America (i.e. the Constitution). Lincoln believed that colonization was the solution to the problem stripping the nation of its characterizations.
Lincoln stated that he is not, or has ever been, in favor of freeing slaves and giving them social equality. Lincoln stated... ... middle of paper ... ... he gave conflicting beliefs about slavery to attain the necessary votes to elect him to office. Then, once the Civil War began, he was merely trying to preserve what was left of an unstable union. The true “Emancipators” of slavery lie in the grass roots people of that time, the abolitionists, Frederick Douglas, and the slaves themselves. The slaves earned their freedom.