A cacao pod will begin to ripen 5-6 months after it flowers. The cacao fruit is shaped similar to and elongated football and can grow up to 11 inches long and 5 inches wide. The average weight of a ripe cocoa pod is slightly less than 1 pound can vary in color from yellow, green, to dark brown. Once a cocoa tree has reach maturity it is capable of producing 20 pods in a span of a year, each pod containing 20-60 beans that is surrounded by a white pulp called mucilage. Each tree is capable of producing enough beans to make close to 2.5 pounds of chocolate per year.
The economic significance of bananas consists of two factors: generations of export earnings and employment for people in several countries. Currently, small populations of bananas are produced in the United States. Within the fifty states, they’re only two states that produce bananas. Hawaii is the largest producer in the United States, followed by Florida. Banana production in Hawaii totaled to 14,500 in 2000 and 14,000 in 2001.
It is estimated that around 6 million ha of land in Sumatera is now under oil palm. However, the total area cleared is three times as much, involving the conversion of about 18 million ha of forest (Forest Peoples Programme (FPP)(Moreton-in-Marsh). & Watch, 2007). Oil palm plantation booming is the result of globalization, liberalization, and worldwide boom in Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) (Zoomers, 2010; Zoomers, 2011). Indonesia government had set a target of 15 million hectares of oil palm by 2020, although by 2010 oil palm plantations encompassed 7.56 million hectares (USDA 2010).
The following year, imports returned to trend as domestic production recovered and world prices increased. Sugar imports of ASEAN countries have risen considerably since 2004. However, the Philippines exports very little of the commodity to these countries. Indonesia and Malaysia, the two largest importers in ASEAN, obtain most of their sugar from Thailand and Brazil. Brazil is the largest sugar exporter in the world with 37.6% export value share in 2012, followed by Thailand with 11.7%.
Indonesia dominates global palm oil production. Expected to produce 31 million metric tons in 2013, Indonesia is currently the largest producer and exporter of palm oil worldwide. Palm oil is a cheap and production efficient oil produced from the fruit of certain palms. With the growth of the palm oil industry, deforestation has become prevalent in Indonesia as a means to produce it. According to the Indonesian Ministry of Agriculture, “The total area of oil palm plantations in Indonesia is currently around eight million hectare; a number which is twice as much as in the year 2000.” The palm oil industry is expected to expand for a number of reasons.
Banana Production 1. BANANAS: THE PRODUCTION CHAIN In 1996 world production of the most important fruits was around 400 million tons. Bananas compete with grapes for second place behind citrus, both accounting for 13-14% of total world fresh fruit production. Banana production has been increasing by around 3% per year over the last decade. Bananas are grown in all tropical regions and are one of the oldest known fruits.
Food and Agriculture in Panama Agriculture is big business in Panama. Not only does it account for much of the country's exports (over 50%), but subsistence farming still employs many Panamanians who only grow enough food to feed their families (nationalencyclopedia.com). The main crop in Panama is bananas by a large margin, and is also one of the countries largest exports. Besides bananas, the other main exports are sugar and coffee beans, while the largest domestic crops are corn, rice, cocoanuts, tobacco and the exotic root vegetable yucca (Bennett 78). In spite of the fact that agriculture employs a large portion of the population and uses approximately half of the land, agriculture in Panama is in trouble.
The highest level of per capita rice consumption (130 to 180 kilograms [kg] per year, 55 to 80 percent of total caloric source) takes place in Bangladesh, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Myanmar (Burma), Thailand, and Vietnam (Kiple and Ornelas). Today rice accounts for about 20 percent of the world's total calorie intake. Rice is not just a staple in diets worldwide, but rice is central to the economy and landscape of ancient and modern Asian civilizations. Predominantly in contrast to Mediterranean cultures, which are primarily based on wheat (Hirst). On the international market rice commands a higher price than that of wheat.
Florida Florida produces 70 percent of the U.S crop. In addition people in Florida use avocados , limes and oranges for many food products or dishes. Avocados Florida´s gets lots of money from avocados. According to the text ¨The average cost of an avocado is a $1.27¨(Avocado prices Fox News). Additionally the reason why people would buy an avocado that high priced, is because it is a very delicious fruit.
Tea leaves hold around 0.1% saponins, which provide mate for its strong bitterness and astringent. Heck & C.I. (2007) also stated that Fluorine is found in vast amount in tea leaves, in general the mature leaves contain more fluorine than the younger leaves. Other components include ... ... middle of paper ... ...d that the Jamaican passion fruit is a vigorous, climbing Jamaican passion fruit vine that clings by tendrils to almost any support. The Jamaican passion fruit can grow 15 to 20 ft. per year once established and must have strong support (Joy 2010).