Abortion

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Islam Overview: Islam is an Arabic word that means surrender, obedience and submission to Allah (God) (Khorfan et al., 2010). Islam is one of the three major religion in the worlds which Christianity and Judaism. Islam has two main resources that Muslims depend on them in their daily life. These sources are Holy Quran (the words of Allah) and the saying of the prophet Muhammad (PBUH) that called Sunnah (Almatary et al., 2014). In addition, a third source was considered for making the decision for complicated issues after evaluating these conditions. This source is called Ejtihad (ijma’a) which means moral agreement between religion leaders about specific situation (Khorfan et al., 2010). In other words, the leaders are meeting to discuss some issues and proof that decision from the Holy Quran and The Sunnah (Almatary et al., 2014). The fourth source is Qiyas which means the religion scholars are using the logic to evaluate moral issues in general (Khorfan et al., 2010). Muslims are using all of the sources to support most of the issues such as abortion. Islamic law is flexible and deals with every aspects of our life to eliminate any threat a person might face in the life. In Islam, there are four Sunni jurisprudence schools that Muslims follow: Hanafi, Shafi’i, Hanbali, and Maliki (Khorfan et al., 2010). Each of these schools named according to its religion leader that means the scholars of these schools explained the Islam from different prospective. All of them are practicing the Islam in right way. Furthermore, the four schools are supporting each other. For instance, if the Muslim who is following the Malki School has a complicated situation, he can look at the other schools for alternative solution to his situation. Now a... ... middle of paper ... ...f poverty…” 6:151. Furthermore, a pregnancy that resulted from rape will give the mother two options. First option, the mother can terminate the pregnancy within 120 days. Second option, the mother is encouraged to take care of her newborn. As mentioned early, Islam has four schools and all of them agreed in the prohibiting the abortion for uncritical circumstances (Aramesh, 2007). In addition, the two sectors in Islam concurred with forbidding the abortion after the ensoulment (Aramesh, 2007). Prophet Muhammad Peace be upon him applied a tort for the fetus who passed away due to abortion after the 4 months of gestation (Hedayat et al., 2006). The tort is based on the fetus sex and on which stage of development the fetus was aborted (Hedayat et al., 2006). Consequently, the people who got involved in the abortion should ask for forgiveness (Hedayat et al., 2006).

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