Unemployment is significantly higher for Aborigines than in the rest of the population. In addition, also the standard of living 20 % lower. The average Aboriginal man lives until he is 56 and the woman until she is 63 75 % of the population also ... ... middle of paper ... ...bitats ? When James Cook and his crew invaded Australia in 1770 , disturbed areas where Aborigines had lived nature for thousands of years . They first used Australia only captive colony for prisoners from Europe , which pushed the Aborigines away from their homes , and many died of diseases Englishmen brought with it .
In 1788 when the European settlers “colonised” Australia, the Australian land was known as “terra nullius” which means “land belonging to no-one”. This decision set the stage for the problems and disadvantages faced by the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people for 216 years. The protection policy was meant to disperse tribes and force Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people off their traditional land so the “white Australian’s” could have more control. The protection policy enforced by the British colonies drove the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander onto reserves. These reserves were run by religious missionaries and supervised by the Aboriginal Protection Board from 1883.
But when the Europeans came, their diseases killed many of the Aborigines without even lifting a hand. There were an estimated 5000 Aborigines living in Tasmania when the British first arrived in 1803. Living in small groups, they had survived for millennia in the island's extreme wilderness, hunting kangaroos and gathering shellfish along the coast. By the end of the 19th century they had been all but wiped out, in what has long been regarded as one of the darkest periods in Australia's history which many thinks was caused by introduced pathogens by Europeans. People have said that introduced disease was used as an international weapon of extermination especially in the case of the Australian Aborigines.
Aboriginal people became eligible to vote in 1962 (except in Queensland, it wasn't until 1965 that Queensland Aboriginals became eligible to vote). State Governments felt forced into this action as they were faced with a growing public concern and anger over the treatment of Aboriginals. Discriminatory pieces of Legislation were canceled and a new Commonwealth Electoral Act was formed. The Commonwealth Electoral Act 1962 entitled 'Aboriginal natives of Australia' to enroll and vote as electors. One event that was held to bring attention to the dilemma of Aboriginals was the 1965 Freedom Ri... ... middle of paper ... ...inal equality is Local Reconciliation Group - Launceston (LRG).
The Child Welfare Act 1939 abandoned this policy and gave Indigenous parents the right to take their children back. But the children were moved far away, and even if they were found and returned, many of them were mistreated and didn’t return the same to their families. This had devastating effects on Indigenous parents, and many white Australians didn’t understand this impact at the time. In the 1960s, inspired by the Civil Rights movement in the US, Charles Perkins organized the Freedom Ride of 1965. The tour’s purpose was to study the race relations in Australia, and raise awareness of the lack of equality for Indigenous Australians.
Clashes between the settlers and Aborigines led to bloodshed on both sides. Brave Aborigines fiercely resisted the European invasion and while many of the white settlers expressed admiration for their courage, many Indigenous Australian’s perished (Slater & Parish, 1999, p.54). In 1788 the total Indigenous population was believed to be between 750,000 and one million. By 1888 the Indigenous population reduced to around 80,000 Australia wide (Korff, 2014). The three main reasons for this dramatic decline were introduction of new diseases, violent conflicts with the colonisers and settlers acquiring Indigenous land (Digital, 2015).
One of the main reasons that the Aborigine’s culture was lost was because they had no specialized structure of government, monarchy, army or any one person in control except head of the house which was limited in control to his immediate family. There was however, a status, the firstborn male got to eat before the other sib... ... middle of paper ... ...tradition and stories has increasingly been recognised. Aboriginal coastal dwellers in both the south and the north of Western Australia, not only preserve stories about extinct Australian megafauna, but also preserved stories about the rising sea levels and the loss of lands offshore as a result of the sea level rise of the Flandrian transgression, at the end of the Pleistocene Ice Age. Aboriginal oral history details accounts of legendary and cultural information, and includes personal biographical accounts. Sally Morgan's "My Place" was one of the first Aboriginal biographies in Western Australia, and a number of Aboriginal people have started telling the stories of the lives of themselves and their families.
Consequently, the event of British colonisation, is described by many historians as the European invasion of Australia. Following the year 1788, the British continued seizing land and gave little thought into compensating the Indigenous Australians of which they displaced. The Aboriginal population lost access to sources of food and water which they had once been able to use freely, as well as their various sacred sites. The Aboriginal community found themselves living in a world ruled by inhabitants who believed that people with white skin were superior to those of other races. From mid nineteenth century onwards, the Australian governments began implementing various policies of ‘protection’ which in reality segregated the Aboriginal people from the Australian society, consuming their everyday lives.
Prozesky, Martin, Christianity in South Africa p 132 The Churches struggle against apartheid and a comment on the effectiveness of this Challenge. When the National party was officially elected to parliament in 1948 they implemented a policy of Apartheid. Apartheid literally means apart, and was the separation of blacks and whites painstakingly and permanently. But we must also remember that the oppression of coloured persons living in South Africa did not start with the National party but with the white colonizers. When South Africa was colonized, the black natives had there lands seized they were deprived of there political identity and the cultural and religious identities were suppressed.
The non-indigenous started to use the land in their own way because Australia was seen as unused and this led to a concept of Terra Nullius (land belong to no one or land that no one owned). The new settlement of whites had devastating impact on indigenous people. Vast number of aboriginal people died after involvement in devastating conflicts with modern settlers and the exposure to diseases also contributed in numbers of deaths. The aboriginal population in 1788 was 1,000,000 (estimated) and by 1900 it had been reduced to 60,000 and there was a threat that this race will extinct soon. The ignorance of whites in past was resulting in creating more difficulties for Aboriginals to survive.