Slavery has always been a controversial and debatable issue in the United States. No one attacked the African-American slavery of the southern states with greater vehemence than a group of young, radical abolitionists. Frustrated at the betrayal of the revolutionary promise that all forms of bondage would disappear in the new land and marshalling all the religious revivals that swept the country, abolitionists demanded no less than the immediate emancipation of all slaves. Bursting upon the American political system in the early 1830s, abolitionists not only opposed any reparation of slaveholders, but they also demanded full political rights for all African-Americans, North and South.
Slavery had lain like a terrible sore on our country for two hundred years. Many were ashamed of it. Slave smuggling had became so profitable that the master of a slave ship could permit nine slaves out of ten to die from neglect and still lose no money. Humane men were deeply shock. They protested, and then they did more than protest they helped the Negro. The Black Africans who were enslaved fought against it from the start. Men like Thomas Jefferson, preparing the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution tried to have slavery outlawed. To abolish slavery meant to abolish profits which were astronomical, profits which were shared North and South. But to not abolish slavery struck at some of the deepest principles of Americans. For the next sixty years-until the crash of the Civil War- no issue was as important as slavery. It divided homes, it spoke for the conscience, it made political parties, it challenged religion, and it turned men into brutes and into heroes. It created the Underground Railroad. The first slave who helped a fellow slave to escape drove the spike in this invisible railroad. The unknown first fugitive, the softly stepping men and women who dared the dangers of swamps and mountains and of cold and rain, the outstretched hands of friends, the disguises, the courage, the gunshots along the border, and a long invisible “train” which chugged so silently and sent up such invisible smoke- all these proved in the end irresistible.
The history of America is fundamentally filled with contradictions in regards to the commitment of freedom for all its citizens on one spectrum, and the increase and dependency of slaves on the opposite continuum. The preservation of freedom for the common man is based on the primary factor of financial prosperity reliant upon the existence of slavery. By forcing slaves to forfeit their own freedom to secure the economic stability in the United States, it provided slavery as a solution to offer economic and social benefits to the colonists. Economically, free labor provided an abundant of amount of wealth and eliminated the expensive costs of indentured servants. Other than an economic viewpoint, slavery additionally provided a socially constructed hierarchy that established the mere concept tha...
...g with abolitionists countered the strong Southern economic and cultural forces driving slavery through education, free speech, and determination. This conflict did not overcome all the forces that existed, such as racism and ethnocentrism. For example, the mentality of white superiority was illustrated when the Supreme Court defined the doctrine of separate but equal in the Plessy v. Ferguson case. The pursuit of maximum equality and freedom for all Americans continues to be an ongoing struggle. Education and a revolutionary mindset are necessary in order to overcome the forces of racism, greed, and control that continue to exist and repress.
I intend to explore the beginnings of the United States attempt to accomplish the same results but clearly show where difficulties lie within a society that is divided on the subject in more ways than one; there is the perspective of the federal government and the issue of national pride amongst the world powers. Abolitionists began as a ...
Before the Civil War and the emancipation of slaves in the United States many people engaged in their disgust of the institution and the treatment of slaves by becoming abolitionists. There were many organizations, societies and individual who wanted to free slaves and would do anything possible to do so. Many strategies were utilized but four distinct plans were efficient. These four were compensated emancipation, ending slavery through rebellion, direct appeal to the masters conscience and to put public pressure on Congress. These were put into action mentally and physically not only by white abolitionist and free blacks but the slaves as well. Despite the danger, slaves participated in anything that could possibly make them free citizens and to destroy the institution in its entirety.
Fredrick Douglas, leader of the abolitionists movement states, “Right is of no sex-truth, is of no color-God is the father of all of us, and we are all Brethren” (“Knowledge is the Pathways from Slavery to Freedom”). Before the Civil War, slaves lived under a brutal and inhumane environment. This would all change when the War ends, and slavery would be abolished. Events leading up to their freedom showed slaves barely managed to stay alive day after day. The invention of the Cotton Gin, the treatment of slaves, and the creation of the Underground Railroad caused many slaves to escape to freedom. It affected them positively and negatively.
The colonial and post colonial era was an era filled with astonishing events that rattled America’s standings with racism. This time was so powerful and moving, because it gave the slaves an amount of courage, trust, and determination so big that they were able to carry out an ample amount of rebellions in America against the whites. From Denmark Vesey in South Carolina planning to rebel furiously with other leaders after purchasing freedom, to Nat Turner in Virginia, using his dreams to relentlessly end the lives of many because of the hardship times they caused slaves. These leaders were small in numbers, but their actions were the size of ten thousand because it would never be forgotten and would also serve as fuel for future civil rights activists in the future. The leaders of the rebellions of the colonial and post colonial era were of few of many who knew how to recognize a negative situation and turn it around to speak out for justice; whether it is peacefully or with force. This paper is to advise the population about the reality of the uprisings during the colonial and post-colonial time.
From the beginning of America’s creation, slaves were not seen as people but as property that did not have the given right to reap the benefits of the new world. As a mean of economic gain, the slavery became common with the Atlantic Slave Trade. Ironically, these same individuals who fled Great Britain to escape persecution and oppression came to America to enact the same domination on African slaves. As colonists began to fight their oppressor, they neglected to acknowledge the individuals they were oppressing at the same time; this is evident in the early documents that would establish the United States of America.
In the early nineteenth century slavery was at question at large, by any means. It was almost supported by most all of the country’s leaders. People were happy where they were wanting to just farm, and start a new life in America. Thomas Jefferson can really be the one who is credited with the expansionist ideals the engulfed the thoughts of America for more than half a century. With the Louisiana purchase and the expeditions of Lewis and Clark people were able to get with this idea, that the west was great, and that spreading out was a good idea. This plan soon turned into an era of its self in U.S. history, and show cased the drive for economic success that citizens of the U.S. had. and leading up to the 1850’s the institution of slavery was the premier way to make the most money. The south was the primary enforcer of this peculiar institution, and as the money poured in from their precious “king cotton” the south found themselves dependent on cotton, especially through a wake of economic change. The ...