Ability Grouping in Education

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Ability grouping is a common practice in today’s classrooms, which involves using intelligence tests to place individuals in certain academic groups with others whom have the same abilities. Two types of ability grouping include between-class and within-class grouping, which provide both benefits and hindrances in a classroom setting. When a school or teacher groups students “based on their ability or achievement,” the school is practicing between-class ability grouping (Santrock 125). In many cases, between-class ability grouping is used in a high school setting as a way to group students with similar goals and skills. On the surface, between-class ability grouping appears that it benefits all students because it allows teachers to better teach students in a more focused manner. However, researchers have determined that this form of grouping harms those that are in a lower ability group (125). Recently, when I was helping out at a lower achieving high school this form of grouping was clearly evident. Students were clearly divided into classrooms based on their abilities. Each classroom was going over the same material but each classroom teacher was teaching the material differently to meet the needs of that group of students. The history classroom that was deemed an advanced placement class worked a lot smoother and the students had a good understanding of the subject as well as appropriate behavior. However, the “average” history classes were a tad more chaotic and the students had little to no interest in the subject. This instance I witnessed showed how between-class ability grouping benefits those on a “higher track” and leaves those on the lower classes behind. Those students in a “low track” classes are commonly of a... ... middle of paper ... ...e class. A large part of school, especially during the early grades helps children understand how to express emotion in an appropriate manner. This strategy helps all students but more importantly emotional students because they need to understand how to convey to the teacher and other classmates how they feel without an outburst of any specific emotion. As a teacher it is important to adopt many of the strategies to help teach children based on different temperaments. When teaching different temperaments, it is important to show attention to all students individually, which is greatly beneficial to students of all temperaments. With many different individual traits of children, a teacher has a diverse task of educating each and every child in the best way fit. Works Cited Santrock, John. Educational Psychology. 5th ed. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill, 2011. Print.
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