Creating new and interesting ways to not only look at the world but the way in which one represents god in all his glory. Islam Began in the Middle East, but their vast empire slowly grew to incorporate Spain, Northern Africa, and India. As the Muslims slowly moved west, so did Islam and with it brought innovation to art and architecture. Although the people practicing this religion were different the core values of it stayed the same, this is best seen in their architecture. Whether it’s the great mosque in Cordoba Spain or the Gun bad-i Qabus monument in northeast Iran, the overall aesthetics of Islamic tradition are represented stand true.
He had the kunya `Al Amin' meaning trustworthy, which would allow the people of Mecca to be aware that he was not making this up helping him convince them that Islam was the monotheistic religion they were waiting for. Professor Watts states that Muhammad had a `creative imagination' that worked at deep levels making it believable for him to interact with God and preach his message. Muhammad was not a read... ... middle of paper ... ...se fields that they left permanent and inerasable imprints on all centuries and in the corners of the world. His speech was so effective and incisive that human beings in all times listen to him. He also shows himself as the best of husbands, the most distinguished, yet most compassionate of fathers and the most amiable and trustworthy of friends.
However, the weakn... ... middle of paper ... ...f the warring tribes was obtaining booty, or riches, not following the scriptures of the Quran or examples of Mohammed (Document 7) In addition to the many different ways the followers of Islam spread the religion and expanded their empire, the religion itself was appealing to many people outside of Arabia. The Islamic religion contained many beliefs and practices that were extremely appealing to others. One of these beliefs was that Islam is an uncompromising monotheistic religion, meaning there is only one God. In addition, there was an extremely well and highly developed set of legal codes and a strong sense of community among the followers of Islam. The five pillars were also extremely appealing because they provided the basis for religious unity.
Furthermore, agricultural development allowed the Islamic peoples to increase the number of settlements and cities making trade and business a crucial centerpiece of their economic systems. Trade across Asia and the Mediterranean akin to both societies, commercial regulation is on different terms. Merchants in the Islamic wor... ... middle of paper ... ...ies differ the most. There are an abundance of similarities and differences between the Islamic and Byzantine Civilizations. These two societies developed in almost the same area, allowing them to proceed in somewhat the same way.
Caravans traveled along the roads with goods that were traded with places as far as China where they imported silk and porcelain (Stearns). Islam expanded the Silk Roads helping to promote trade and a stable economy. The trade routes not only helped to spread goods but along with it came the Islamic culture and knowledge into different parts of the world. These empires benefited each other as new ideas lead to innovations and progression. This period was a time of expansion, distant trade, and most importantly the development of knowledge and education.
At this time they had embraced the religion of Islam and had been under the great rule of Mansa Musa. This empire had the job of protecting the caravans or shipments carrying the goods, so that they can trade. They helped towards the function of trade so that both the importer and exporter gained something. In document 3 it explains how their wealth was great because of their trade. The document also talks about the fact that they had exhibited the characteristics of an advanced divination like sufficient food to feed its people, a strong army equipped with advanced weapons and income derived from taxes.
While Mansa Musa was in Timbuktu, he converted people into the religion of Islam, and expanded the city. He also made it a trade center for learning, and built a university and a few mosques. As you can see, Mali was a huge sight for cultural exchange, and it was a very successful reign. Mali became a sight for cultural exchange because of trade, helpful Mansas,
About 300 years later, the Persians took over the city from the Byzantines and it was ruled by these pre-Islamic rulers until 629 A.D. The Byzantines took back over, but only began to rebuild the once again Christian city when the Caliph Omar invaded Jerusalem and began occupying the city in 638 A.D. This was the beginning of the Crusades. Jerusalem has had a long and horrible history with many different political and religious occupations leading up to the Crusades and even after. Jerusalem is a very important city in human history amongst its various leaders and various occurrences.
The Old Testament clearly displays that the Israelites were the “Chosen” people of God and while there are many events that show destruction of other civilizations, conversion was certainly acceptable to Old Testament thinking. Judaism is not a conversion religion, but it is not opposed to taking in those who will obey the laws of the tradition, and worship Yahweh. The attitude of the Bible is that the Israelites had committed many sins, but would always be forgiven by God. This is evident in Isaiah 4:1 which states, “ Israel needs to be comforted and she will receive more from God” (NIV Isaiah 40:1) While Judaism and the doctrines and texts had many violent moments, there were also peaceful resolutions for many of the stories, and within the laws of the Jews, even when it came to those outside the traction. While some Jewish law called for the elimination of evil, which may have referred to those who were worshipping idols, or who held power over the tribal people, there were also ways of dealing with these issues which required peace from the people who were considered “Chosen” by God.
Both ... ... middle of paper ... ... had control various territories. Many merchants learned the Islamic language and became custom to their traditions. This allowed for its culture to spread and Islam had received converts. The trading industry has a major effect on the economy and allows the spread of one’s culture. These civilizations present many resemblances that were once part of the foundations of their society.