As he was also introduced to humanists as Marsilio Ficino and the poet Politian, who were frequent visiters. By the age of 16 Michelangelo had produced two relief sculptures ,the battle of the Centaurs and the Madonna of the stairs, which showed that he had achieved a very personal style at a very early age. His patron Lorenzo died in 1492; two years later Michelangelo fled Florence,when the Medici were temporarily expelled. For a while he was settled in Bologna, where in 1494 and 1495 he sculpted several marble statuettes for the arca (shrine) di San Domenico. Michelangelo went to Rome, where he was able to examine many newly unearthed classical statues and ruins.
From 1425 to 1435 Donatello worked with the Florentine sculptor and architect Michelozzo on a number of projects, including the monument to Bartolomeo Aragazzi (Cathedral of Montepulciano). In their joint work Michelozzo executed the architectural designs and also helped in the making of the bronze castings; Donatello executed most of the statues. From 1430 to 1433 Donatello spent periods in Rome, where he created a number of works, notably the ciborium in the sacristy of the Basilica of Saint Peter, decorated with the reliefs Worshiping Angels and Burial of Christ. It was in Florence, however, that he created the most noted work of this period-the bronze David (circa 1430-35, Bargello), the first nude statue of the Renaissance. In his third and culminating period, Donatello broke away from classical influence and in his work emphasized realism and the portrayal of character and of dramatic action.
After Brunelleschi trained to be a sculptor and goldsmith, in 1398, he applied to make the bronze reliefs for the door of the Baptistery of Florence in 1401. Sometime around this time he picked up the nickname “Pippo” by his friends. He was competing against six sculptors, one of them being Lorenzo Ghiberti. Unfortunately, Filippo didn’t win; Lorenzo Ghiberti did. After he lost, Filippo decided to leave his sculpting and to focus on architecture, where he worked with gears, clocks, wheels, and weights and math.
His patron Lorenzo died in 1492, two years later Michelangelo fled Florence, when the Medici family was temporarily expelled. He settled for a time in Bologna where he sculpted several marble statuettes. Michelangelo then went to Rome, where he was able to look at many newly discovered classical statues and ruins. He soon sculpted his first large-scale sculpture, Bacchus. At about the same time, Michelangelo also did the marble Pietà.
During his time working with Lorenzo, Donatello received his first payment in November 1406 for assisting Lorenzo in the sculpting of the statues of prophets for the north door of the Florence Baptistery. He executed the seated figure of St. John the Evangelist in 1409-1411, it was so big it took him two years to finish and until 1588 occupied a niche of the old cathedral facade but now resides in Museo dell'Opera del Duomo. A large step was taken forward from Gothic Mannerism in the search for naturalism rendering of human feelings. Donatello then worked on statues for churches, starting with the statue of St. Mark for the Guild Church of Orsanmichele in 1411-1413. Then a few years later in 1417 he completed the statue of St. George for the Confraternity of the Cuirass-makers.
The young hero of this story is also the basis of two of Donatello’s sculptures. In 1408 Donatello was commissioned by the operai of the cathedral of Florence to sculpt a statue of David. This was the first of the three versions of David Donatello created. The statue is a life-sized marble carving of David and is one of Donatello’s earliest known works. The statue depicts young David in triumph; with the head of his enemy, the giant Goliath, at his feet.
( Family, Childhood, and Artistic Germination) In 1495, a sculpture called, “ The Saint John in Wilderness”, was executed by Angelo. He managed to sculpt another piece of art, which was the “Saviour.” While Angelo... ... middle of paper ... ... started in 1542 to 1550. Close to his death, he wanted the Pieta to be on his tomb, to show himself as Nicodemus ( a Pharisee, which is a member of a Jewish sect.) He managed to begin working on another pieta on his 89th year of age. In 1546, Michelangelo was made Chief Architect and helped complete the church in St. Peters.
He had a first job and that in the workshop of Lerenzo Ghilberti, a gothic sculptor, between 1404 and 1407(“Donatello” par 1, 2, 3). After that job he worked at a Florence Cathedral in 1407. At the Cathedral he decorated tombs and pulpits and made portrait busts and monuments (“Donatello” par 1, 2). An inspiration for his work was by ancient visual examples (“Donatello” par 1). He achieved his full intensity in the beginning of the 15th century (“Donatello” par 1, 2, and 3).
Michelangelo's artistic career can be divided into two periods. In the early period he focused on realism. During this early period Michelangelo's works included the “Pieta” and the “David.” At the age of 24 he completed a statue called the “Pieta,” showing the dead Jesus Christ in his mother's arms. In 1501 Michelangelo returned to Florence, Italy to sculpt the famous nude sculpture called the “David.” The “David” measures 18 feet tall, and is so massive that it took 40 men to move it from Michelangelo's workshop(World Book 5016) The second period of Michelangelo's career was based upon his imagination. In 1505 Michelangelo was summoned by Pope Julius II to fabricate his tomb.
He then studied at the scuplture school in the Medici gardens. He was then invited into the Medici home where he met the two Medici boys who would later become Popes Leo X and Clement VII. Michelangelo produced two sculptures while in the House of Medici, the Battle of the Centaurs and the Madonna on the Stairs, both of which were completed between 1489 and 1492. Michelangelo had several successes in his life of painting, architecture, and sculpting. His first large-scale sculpture was Bacchus.