Of all Aids deaths since the epidemic started, eighty-three percent have been in the region. These numbers sound even more astonishing considering only one-tenth of the world’s population lives in Africa, south of the Sahara. The amount of Africans affected by the epidemic is frightening. Since the start of the epidemic, an estimated 34 million people living in sub-Saharan Africa have been infected with HIV. Approximately 11.5 million of those people have already died, one-fourth of them being children.
In Africa, though, proper treatment is not nearly as available as it is in some other countries. Approximately 2.3 million people died in 2003 in Sub-Saharan Africa alone and that is only the beginning (Frederickson and Kanabus HIV 1). Because of AIDS and its devastating effects and increasing infection rates in Africa, organizations and governments are increasing their efforts to stop this disease. Hundreds of millions of dollars have been spent on AIDS efforts, but still the disease continues to spread and take thousands of people?s lives each year. In 1992, 20% of Botswana, Africa was infected with HIV-AIDS.
In Africa, it is a known fact that many people are suffering from a variety of diseases. Currently, the most common diseases is HIVs/AIDs, which is especially a problem in South-Africa. Almost 68 percent of the people suffering from diseases have HIVs/AIDs. It was recorded that out of 58.03 million people who died globally in 2005, 10.9 million were from Africa. And also that almost 50% the population in Africa lack of access to essential medicines, meaning that people are suffering and dying from the simple lack of materials.
First, the unemployment rate, at 19% is extremely high compared to Australia, which has a 7% unemployment rate. This disparity is due to the large number of workers being sick, dying, and other AIDS related effects in Botswana. This means that the families are not making as much money, which can cause lack of health care. In the next decade, the per capita income is expected to decrease 13% in Botswana because of AIDS. Australia has fewer problems with AIDS because of the amount of money spent on health care.
This pandemic is caused by a number of factors such as poverty, HIV/AIDS, lack of health care, lack of knowledge, and new drug resistant strains. Globally, TB is second only to HIV/AIDS as a cause of illness and death of adults, accounting for nearly nine million cases of active disease and two million deaths every year (WHO declares TB an emergency in Africa Para 4). Microscopic droplets spread TB when an infected person talks, coughs, laughs, sneezes, or sings. It usually takes prolonged exposure with an infected person to become infected. In the United States, tuberculosis, compared to the rest of the world, is not as widespread.
However in African cultures confronting sexual issues that cause AIDS and HIV is very uncommon. (AIDS the epidemic,1994) In Africa AIDS has become the number one cause of death, overtaking Malaria. (The AIDS Reader,1991) The U.N. AIDS/health experts say more than 40 million people contracted the disease in 1980's and nearly 12 million of them have died in Africa.
AIDS Sub-Saharan Africa is the region of the world that is most affected by HIV/AIDS. An estimated 26.6 million people are living with HIV/AIDS and approximately 3.2 million new infections occurred in Sub-Saharan Africa in 2003. In just the past year the epidemic has claimed the lives of an estimated 2.3 million Africans. Ten million young people (aged 15-24) and almost 3 million children under 15 are living with HIV. An estimated eleven million children have been orphaned by AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa.
The AIDS epidemic has reached disastrous proportions on the continent of Africa. Over the past two decades, two thirds of the more than 16 million people in the world infected with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), which causes AIDS, live in sub-Saharan Africa. It is now home to the largest number of people infected, with 70 percent of the world’s HIV infected population. The problem of this ongoing human tragedy is that Africa is also the least equipped region in the world to cope with all the challenges posed by the HIV virus. In order understand the social and economic consequences of the disease, it is important to study the relationship between poverty, the global response, and the effectiveness of AIDS prevention, both government and grass roots.
(Dido) " 'They are already dead,' said one despairing U.S. health official. 'They're just still walking around. '"(Gellman, July 5,2000 A01) Many African Nations that face the problems of the HIV/AIDS epidemic can't afford to help out their citizens buy drugs. The average cost of antiretroviral drugs is "US $618 for a months supply- an impossible in a country where most workers earn under US $ 275." (Mbabane, October 17,2000) The United Nations has gone to extreme measures to help out countries where this is the case, but the problem is that there are too many places where this is the case.
They live so far away from them that they cannot get vaccinated. The most dangerous thing for Africans, however, is HIV/AIDS. As talked about previously, HIV/AIDS is responsible for 1.2 million deaths annually in the sub-saharan area alone. The disease, which can be spread through unsafe sex, used syringes and childbirth is an example of a disease that started in Africa and quickly became global. It is estimated that there are 35.3 million people living with the disease that erupted in the early nineties.