Research Paper: AIDS
Did you know that in the United States of America the sixth leading cause of death in people from their mid 20’s through their mid 40’s is AIDS (Zuger, 2010)? AIDS stands for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome and is a disease derived from the virus known as Human Immunodeficiency Virus. The immune system gets broken down when someone has AIDS and it is basically the highest form of HIV. When a person has HIV, the CD4 cells get infected and start to deteriorate and once the CD4 count is below 200, the person is considered to have AIDS rather than HIV (“Living”, 2005).
There are four letters, that when put together can spell out a lifetime of agony, despair, prejudice and constant indignation; AIDS. Over the years the disease has been called GRID, Gay Cancer and finally came the name that is commonly accepted today, AIDS. Multiple theories are present as to the origin of this deadly virus, all of them are unique but no matter what the origin or name, AIDS is a terrible epidemic that needs to come to an end. People have suffered long enough, and too many people have been discriminated against something that’s not entirely their fault. The medicine for AIDS only prolongs the inevitable, and suffering of the poor people cursed with the disease. AIDS as of now is a death sentence and it currently has no cure; it targets people of every race, age, and gender from all walks of life but despite AIDS only being been around for less than a century, it has managed to leave an immense impact on American history, individuals, society and culture.
The AIDS and HIV infection is an extremely hazardous malady that sees no sex, no race, no ethnicity and not even a particular age time. It can influence anybody, at whatever time on the off chance that they place themselves in a circumstance where they could be at danger. AIDS or otherwise called acquired immunodeficiency syndrome is the infection causes the body's immune system to break down and get useless in battling diseases and microorganisms. Indeed a typical cold could prompt the death of an individual influenced with the AIDS infection.
Community Health Midterm Essay
Topic : HIV is a major health problem affecting all populations. Explain the ways in which the disease is transmitted and provide strategies for preventing it’s spread, focusing on the different age groups in the population.
The Human Immunodeficiency Virus is responsible for 1.6 million deaths annually according to the World Health Organization (WHO).
This paper will discuss the nature of the AIDS virus, the transmission and the prevention of transmission, as well as the available treatments for people with this disease. First of all, AIDS is an acronym for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. AIDS is acquired which means that it is not passed down from generation to generation through a person’s genes. AIDS is a disease that attacks the immune system, a system in the body that produces white blood cells in order to fight off diseases. This disease causes the immune system to be deficient, or weakened, so that it cannot properly fight off diseases.
The first case of HIV/AIDS in the U.S emerged in the early 1980s. The resulting public health response was delayed and unfocused, as it was spearheaded mainly by ignorance, speculation, and fear: no one really knew what caused HIV/AIDS, how it was spread, or how to prevent it, only that the outcomes and effects of AIDS were awful and devastating. The U.S. Government even ignored AIDS for some time (History). President Reagan, when he finally addressed AIDS, did not advocate for safer sex or condom use, instead encouraging a ban on HIV-positive immigrants from entering the U.S. Later, Reagan publicly encouraged abstinence as the key to preventing the HIV/AIDS epidemic (History).
From worldwide wars to the reuniting of the nation, the social, political, economic, and international events of the United States always seem to be under a state of change. One very imperative time in America’s history was the 1980 decade, this was a very hostile and displeasure able time. From the discovery of AIDS to an all out boycott of the Olympics by the United Sates and Russia, and a national tragedy caused by the space-shuttle Challenger disaster, these societal events caused major changes to millions of people spread over many nations. The prominence of AIDS was the most socially significant event of the 1980s as this lethal virus is still a massive problem not just in the United Sates, but across the entire globe.
HIV/AIDS is a global pandemic that threatens lives all over the world. It is important to understand exactly what this disease is and how it affects societies globally. Although HIV, in severe cases, leads to AIDS, there is a distinct difference when defining both terms.
Each author explains their views on the AIDS debate; they discuss the importance of AIDS research, the numbers of AIDS patients and their cost, and benefits of research to other fields. Freundlich and Fumento agree that it is important to study AIDS, because it is a threat to young and old alike, opposed to cancer and heart disease being mainly targeted at older people. But Fumento thinks that AIDS spending should be realistic, not just tailored to fit the needs of protesters and demanding organizations, simply to keep them quiet. They also both agree that AIDS is a new and upcoming epidemic that is becoming more of a problem with each passing year. Each realizes that the disease is no longer only confined to drug users and homosexuals. Thurman states that, "Frequently they are in poverty and have abusive relationships, and often have mental problems on to of that-the list goes on and on. So our clients today are much more complicated to treat" (Thurman 1). However, they do not agree on its importance compared to other diseases and medical problems in the United States. I feel that AIDS is a very important disease to be worrying about in today's society, because it is hurting all ages not just the older groups of people.
Steven Epstein is a sociologist whose expertise lies in health care inequalities and research on human subjects. Published in 1995, Impure Science: AIDS, Activism, and the Politics of Knowledge is a study of the politicized production of knowledge in the AIDS epidemic in the United States. This work shows Epstein’s interest in how expertise is constructed, the ways in which those who are considered “outsiders” can influence medicine, and how credibility is gained and lost. Epstein focuses on the question of how knowledge is produced through complex interactions among government agencies, pharmaceutical companies, scientists, medical people, and “treatment activists” to discover how knowledge about AIDS emerges out of what he calls "credibility struggles."