(2014). Assisting children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder to reduce the hyperactive behavior of arbitrary standing in class with a Nintendo Wii Remote Controller through an active reminder and preferred reward stimulation. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 35(9), 2069-2076. Storeygard, J. (2012).
It can affect a child’s ability to learn immensely. In fact, these children may be perceived as someone they wish not to be by others: the class clown, or one who just does not care about school when this is the farthest thing from the truth. According to the National Institute of Mental Health, common symptoms of ADD are inability to sustain attention and concentration, and to be easily distracted and impulsive. All of these effects are seen also with ADHD in addition to high levels of activity and inability to control these inappropriate levels of activity. When a child is struggling with symptoms of either ADD or ADHD it would be easy to understand the problems the child faces in the classroom.
ADHD can lessen with age and maturity, and treatment provides that extra push to deal with the symptoms. Many believe that medication and treatment is not the best approach for children with this illness; yet in most cases, medication and treatment is a beneficial tool which eases the individual of difficulty with focus or concentration, resulting in improvements with social behaviour, academics, and lifestyle. Although many children are diagnosed in elementary school, some children, especially those with mild cases of ADHD, may not be diagnosed until high school or college. Either way, ADHD has a great influence on school performance, and often causes students with this disorder much difficulty in regards to paying attention and focusing in class. Children with this disorder tend to be very fidgety, and struggle sitting still.
On other hand, child who is maltreated is often overwhelmed with the negative emotions and is lacking any motivation to succeed at school. One study showed that toddlers who came from abusive families were more likely to respond in a negative fashion to their mirror images and make very few positive statements about themselves (Barnett, 1997 ). Maltreatment can be presented in many ways and it seems that it produces specific behaviors depending on a type of abuse experienced. Physically abused preschoolers are more likely to present with aggressive and rebellious behavior when compared with nonabused peers. Children who experienced abuse are also more impulsive, disorganized and districtabilie which affects their ability to perform at school.
The lack of attention is not completely obvious until the child faces certain situations, such as school work. A child with ADHD might have hard time paying attention, be easily distracted, have difficulty listening to others, daydream a lot, inter... ... middle of paper ... ...sed with common disorder. Is ADHD a real diagnosis? “Some say that this explosion of childhood ADHD is indicative of what’s wrong with our society and education system. They blame parents and an educator for choosing quick fixes for what they say is a behavioral problem, not a brain-based disorder.” Regardless of all the research that supports that ADHD is a brain-based disorder, the dramatic rise that still keeps developing is causing people to doubt the reality of ADHD.
In a study comparing ADHD children with those unaffected, those with the disorder performed significantly worse than the others. Learning disabilities can be said to arise from attentional difficulties in the classroom setting. Many of these difficulties occur in tasks where listening and time is a factor. Reading disabilities have also been found as a result of ADHD. The attention span of someone with ADHD is usually shot in a controlled setting they can hardly function, without distractions wich makes them sociably unacceptable.
Children with ADHD have a hard time focusing so paying attention becomes unbearable. Making friends and getting along with adults is a difficult task, because ADHD comes with behavior issues. ADHD incorporates a couple of group behaviors, inattentiveness and a combination of hyperactivity and impulsiveness (Davis, 2009, para 1). Figure 1: Contai... ... middle of paper ... ...of seeking therapy and gaining knowledge about ADHD. Not all of the reviews I read were pro medication, however, doing, what works best for each child differs.
Dyslexia is a congenital disorder characterized by unexpected difficulty learning to decode and spell words in relation to one’s verbal intelligence, motivation, and educational opportunities (Gray E. S, 2008). People have many misconceptions regarding dyslexia which includes visual impairment, low IQ, dyslexia is curable, and this learning disability affects males more often than females. Indicators of dyslexia change over time since it is a process of developmental. It is difficult to identify children with dyslexia; however it becomes more prominent as they progress in school. Experts agree that dyslexia is a learning disability that affects language processing and that it does not occur because of low intelligence, lack of motivation, poor instruction, vision, or hearing problems, cultural disadvantages, or other extrinsic.
Academic Counseling in Schools In the confines of the classroom, students are enabled by educators and encouraged to reach their fullest potential. However, schools that are in low income communities do not have all the benefits, such as academic counseling, to help the struggling students that test below the schools standard testing. A solution to this rising issue was implemented through integrated programs for students who are not performing at the school standard (Domitrovich,C.E., Bradshawm C.P., Greenberg, M.T., Embry, D., Poduska, J.M., Ialongo, N.S., 2010). This task can be a difficult process for most children if they struggle with a need that can only be met by individual attention. Past program interventions that have been tailored to reach students that need additional help have demonstrated effectiveness within the classroom through optimistic youth development (Greenberg, M. T., Weissberg, R. P., O'Brien, M. U., Zins, J. E., Fredericks, L., Resnik, H., et al., 2003).
Well, there are three main signs that parents can look for in order to know that their child has ADHD. The first sign is the child does not have very good inattention. The symptoms of inattention are easily distracted, miss details, forget things, etc. ; they have difficulty focusing on one thing; become bored with a task after only a few minutes; often losing things (e.g., pencils, toys, assignments) needed to complete tasks or activities; and struggle to follow instructions. The second sign is hyperactivity.