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There has been a 42 percent increase in the number of reported cases of ADHD in the last decade. Is this a case of overdiagnosis or a scary reality of a progressing disorder becoming more prevalant in children? Some believe that the diagnosis rate is getting closer to its true prevalance, while others think the increased rate is due to pressure from pharmaceutical companies selling stimulant drugs to treat ADHD. Regardless of the reason, the dangerous result of all this, is the number of children using medication to treat their ADHD. The most common medications are stimulants such as Ritalin and Adderall, which can help improve the symptoms of ADHD but also have their own side effects, some of which are severe. A dangerous trend is starting where more and more children are going to be prescribed medication, becasue the American Psychiatric Association is planning to change the definition of ADHD to allow more people to be diagnosed. Right now there is also pressure on doctors from parents to diagnose their kids because of bad grades in school and irritable behavior. Before looking at the effects that stimulant drugs have and if they are being over prescribed, it's important to know what ADHD is, how cognitive funtioning compares in children with and without ADHD, and the long-term safety of stimulant drugs used to treat children with ADHD. ADHD stands for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. It is the most common neurobehavioral and psychiatric disorder found in children. Recent evidence indicates that genetic factors are the cause of ADHD, rather than environmental factors. Factors such as sex, race, socioeconomic status, and geographic groups also contribute to the diagnosis of ADHD. For example white males are the most fr... ... middle of paper ... ...everyday life and it shows people just how hard school and social life can be. One question I have is how the results of this study compare to other studies similar to this one. Future research could come up with more tasks to test children and see what specific tasks they struggle with so they can get more help. Another helpful thing would be to target the ages of children and see what kind of symptoms arise at a certain age. I now understand how hard it can be for a kid with ADHD. The learning disabilities and social problems that children have to deal with can make growing up very hard. Personally this information and study can help me understand somebody with ADHD a little better and why they may do some of the things that they do. Professionally it helps knowing how to treat children with ADHD and how important it is for them to get the right help and support.

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