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Approximately one in five Americans has some type of disability and may be a victim of discrimination in the workplace.
In September 1973, President Richard M. Nixon signed into law HR 8070, sponsored by Rep. John Brandemas (D-IN). From a legal perspective, this represented a profound and historic shift in America’s disability policy. With the passage of Section 504 of HR 8070 (named The Rehabilitation Act of 1973), which banned discrimination on the basis of disability, this marked the first time people with disabilities were viewed as a group - a minority group. This Section also provided opportunities for children and adults with disabilities in education and employment and allowed for reasonable accommodations such as special study areas and assistance as needed for students with disabilities.
Going forward, in 1990, Congress passed The Americans With Disabilities Act (The ADA), and with this, various new protections for employees with qualifying disabilities became law (this law was amended in 2008, and those changes went into effect January 1, 2009). The Mission of the ADA is to “assure equality of opportunity, full participation, independent living, and economic self-sufficiency to persons with disabilities” (42 U.S.C. § 12101(a)(8)). The goal of the ADA is to eliminate discrimination and to remove the physical barriers that impede disabled Americans from enjoying similar benefits of their non-disabled peers in the workplace, while shopping, in restaurants, and other places of public gathering.
The ADA’s protection is limited to those who can establish a physical or mental impairment that limits one or more major life activities or for those who have a record of such impairment. It is important to note that the scope of...

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...bled child, many of them are focused on the immediate concerns of how the child will function in school and what services will be available to him or her. As these children grow-up and are ready to graduate high school and enter the workforce, they often have limited options available to them. As a result, many adults with autism or other cognitive disabilities either receive state disability pay or are lifelong dependants on their parents ( The ADA did not begin on July 26, 1990, nor did it begin in 1988 when it was first introduced to congress. It began when mothers and fathers saw their disabled children left out. It began when people with disabilities challenged the barriers that excluded them from their communities. It began when social activists began fighting for the rights of the disabled. Without the work of so many there would not be an ADA.
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