Agroforestry is defined as an integrated approach of using the interactive benefits from combining trees and shrubs with crops and livestock. It combines agricultural and forestry technologies to create more diverse, productive, profitable, healthy and sustainable land-use systems (Umrani et al. 2010). One particular type of agroforestry that would be beneficial if implemented in El Salvador is silvopastoral systems. This system have been successful in Central America focusing on utilizing woody perennial plants in pastures to improve cattle nutrition in dry season and help mitigate damage of overgrazing delicate grasses (Ibrahim et al., 2001).
The Gold Rush made an impact on American society through diversity and people. The traditional beginning of the Gold Rush was the story of James Marshall. Marshall was instructed by John Sutter, a business man, to find an area to build a sawmill. Marshall, traveled with a few workers, it took him a while to find the right spot because: "nothing but a mule could climb the hills; and when I would find a spot where the hills were not steep, there was no timber to be had" (Holliday 56). Marshall had finally found an area where he could build a sawmill, and managed to get his team through the steep hills of California.
The bald cypress (Taxodium distichum) is an ancient and unique tree that is usually associated with the southern states because of its abundance in swampy regions. “Remains of prehistoric forests show that millions of years ago [bald cypress] grew in abundance within the Arctic Circle; because of changes in the climate, it was driven south. The bald cypress found its way to the eastern and southern coast lands” (Louisiana Department of Agriculture and Forestry, 2002). On May 26, 196, the bald cypress was officially proclaimed the Louisiana state tree. The bald cypress is a large, slow growing but long-lived deciduous conifer.
Malibu is a place where people went to settle down because of the natural beauty. Mountains along with pacific shoreline are the perfect dream location for many reality businesses. All these natural beauties and the addition of hot and dry weather came with a dangerous problem; which is nothing but fire: a fire which is intensified exponentially by the wind of Santa Ana. In his book Ecology of Fear, Mike Davis explained that the fire hasn’t slowed down the population growth or building new homes in Malibu. The word fire is closely associated with Malibu.
Soil Conservation Soil is highly useful to us. We grow plants and trees in it. It holds the trees in place and supply nutrients and water to the plants to grow. The top soil is very healthy for plants to grow, and therefore, farmers take good care of the top soil for better yield. However, a strong wind or heavy rains can easily remove the fertile top soil.
Spokane is close enough to the Cascades to make it an attractive tourist destination, especially for ski trips. Plenty of green space and a recent downtown renaissance gives Spokane a fresh small-town appeal despite its size. Hints of the city's industrial roots remain, but the warehouses have become converted into galleries, theaters and elegant apartments. Central Washington is rugged country. The Cascades form the backbone of the state, and the mountain chain's rain shadow falls to the eastern central portion of Washington to create a desert environment of harsh, but haunting beauty.
Boasting a temperate rainforest, towering glaciated mountain range and a Pacific Ocean coastline covered in massive rock formations, there is no where that protects such a wealth of different settings. In addition there are several stunning lakes and waterfalls that add even more diversity to the region. The park makes up a substantial portion of the Olympic peninsula in Washington state, where industry began logging sections of old-growth forest. Originally set aside at Olympus National Monument in 1909 by Theodore Roosevelt, his cousin Franklin D. Roosevelt would visit the park and decide to protect the forests he found being exploited. Less than a year later the park was re-designated a National Park.
VEGETATION Vegetation in the Hudson Plains mostly follows latitude patterns, because of the flat nature of the land. The Hudson Plains are a merge of boreal forest and tundra. Trees are few and far between, denser in the southern, wetter area of the ecozone. In this wetter area, the variety of plants includes: tussocks of sedge, cottongrass, sphagnum moss, dwarf birch, willow shrubs, white spruce, black spruce, larch, balsam, poplar, tamarack, and Jack Pine. In the drier area, vegetation is shrubby and low-lying.
In this paper, I will discuss the growth of the logging industry, specifically in relation to Seattle, and the resulting extension industries in the development of what is now our nations largest port city. I. The early industry: The laborers who sat idle during the fur trading off-season were of great concern to George Simpson, resident governor of the Hudson’s Bay Company in 1821. As he sat in his newly transferred building situated on the north bank of the Columbia River, he noticed the commanding view, in which he saw endless stands of thick timber. By order of Simpson, command of the new post, Fort Vancouver, was secured by one John McLoughlin and together, the two established the first Washington timber mill (Ficken 1987).
The Drooping Trillium prefers to grow in rich beech-maple, oak-hickory or mixed deciduous swamps and floodplain forests which are usually associated with watercourses. It is thought that the presence of a watercourse could benefit the plant by creating well-drained soils that combine both loam and sand which the species favours (Jalava and Ambrose 2012). It grows on the forest floor with native plants including Ostrich Fern, Wild Ginger and Jack-in-the-pulpit (Ministry of Natural Resources 2013). Forest-canopy cover is important to the survival of the Drooping Trillium by maintaining ground flora as well as reducing competition with other species; however the penetration of some light is beneficial to this species (Jalava and Ambrose 2012). Drooping Trillium seeds are found to be dispersed by ants and possibly by white-tailed deer (Ministry of Natural Resources 2013).