Chapter 22: Describe freedom for southern blacks at the end of the Civil War. By the end of the Civil War, the economy had collapsed. Businesses and banks were ruined by inflation as well as the once fruitful cotton farms. The white aristocracy was poor but not humble; they stood defiant and shocked. Once the emancipation happened, there was a lot of confusion amongst slaves due to the fact that it happened unevenly across the country; at the end many of these slaves would have been freed more than once by the Union Army.
Some people may have believed Fitzhugh’s words and consider the black slaves of the south cared for. However, the truth of the south was that the economy of the south needed slaves to survive. It had relied on slaves for so long the loss of slaves as labor broke the southern
Slave resistance was rarely successful because most masters would not tolerate it. Whether slaves physically or verbally opposed a white man it was dangerous. Slave’s masters consistently tried to erase African culture from their slave’s memories. They insisted that slavery had rescued blacks form the barbarians from Africa and introduced them to the “superior” white civilization. Some slaves came to believe this propaganda, but the continued influence of African culture in the slave community added slave resistance to the modification of African culture.
He wrote it to tell about his experiences of slavery, and what he went through. When this book was published, many people did not believe he wrote it because being a slave meant he was not allowed to know how to read or write. A couple years later, Frederick Douglass published North Star. It was a book about the discrimination in the country at the time. Discrimination was a very big problem in Frederick Douglass life.
In 1860 the population was sixty-six percent white, thirty two percent slave, and an unbelievable two percent free blacks in the South. The lucky, few blacks that were free had to think about the abuse and pain their fellow brothers had to go through. Although some plantation owners were pleasant to work for, it does seem that the majority of slave owners were harsh and brutal to their slaves. (Doc 113) Slaves were considered as a piece of property to every slave owner and most lived a sad, to what they had to do. They protested in several different ways whether it be attacking the slave owner, wounding themselves, or simply “ accidentally” breaking tool needed to perform their everyday duties.
There are multiple reasons why slavery caused a lot of problems between the whites and the blacks. “We will have to repent in this generation not merely for the hateful words and actions of the bad people but for the appalling silence of the good people”. -Luther King, Jr Most African Americans were enslaved “95 percent of the African Americans in the United States was slaves.” (Problems of Slavery – Murphy). Many problems evolved due to slavery racism became a really big problem. The problem was that most slaves didn’t understand that there was other life out there they thought that because they were black that they had to be enslaved and couldn’t live their own lives.
Some of the ex-slaves decided to stay and work for their masters for money, food, and shelter, but many were not fortunate enough to have that option. Many African-Americans died because they could not support themselves or their families on their own. The ex-slaveowners were also in a bad position at this point because they lack the manpower to manage their land. Henry William Ravenel, a former slaveowner, stated "Our Finances are in such a condition that universal discontent and real suffering exists (Firsthand 21)." ... ... middle of paper ... ...and the public grew informed of the brutal acts.
Slavery has been a problem in many societies throughout all of history. It is not always out of prejudice or racism, often times people of the same ethnicity and nationality enslaved each other because of debt or some other reason. However in the instance of the African slave trade, it was without just cause and an extreme display of racism. Slavery in America was a horrible thing. Blacks were subject to overworking and humiliation by white men.
Many slaves after all were prevented from learning how to read and write. However the few written accounts available are able to help illustrate the grim reality they went through. These writings can easily be contested with a typical history book which often deals with the problems slavery caused clinically with little detail on how brutal the institution was. To explore the problem of not only revisionist history but of slavery itself we turn to 19th century American writer Fredrick Douglas. Douglas was an escaped slave, and also one of the few that were able to write down and get published his account of his treatment from plantation owners and overseers.
Although there were still numerous whites who fought for equal treatment of the blacks, many fell to such low standards in order to stay in control, which is quite the shameful price for power. And despite their official emancipation, African Americans would have to keep enduring through these hardships and racism for about another century. Works Cited Jourdon Anderson to Col. P. H. Anderson, August 7, 1865 Testimony on Ku Klux Klan in Congressional Hearing (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1872). The Black Codes of Mississippi, Civil Rights of Freedmen in Mississippi, Sec. 7.