Gender theorists and researchers analyze gender partly to understand the perpetuation of inequality and propose changes to diminish inequality. A central question researchers explore is whether challenges to gender inequality need to occur at the interactional or institutional level. The status characteristic and doing gender approach investigates power, agency and change within social interactions. Gendered organizational theories examine power, agency and structure within institutions. Each approach shifted research and theory on gender in interactions and institutions, and challenged the notion that gender is static.
Gender Mainstreaming: A Critical Reflection of the Topic From a Feminist Perspective This essay seeks to critically reflect the topic of Gender Mainstreaming and examine distinct valuations on the subject from various authors. The motivation behind this paper stems from the interest in not only learning and dealing with concepts in a noncritical manner but wanting to gain differing insights and being able to form my own opinion more clearly. This is especially possible on the topic of Gender Mainstreaming, both because it is controversial in nature and because some of the chosen literature for the course Gender Mainstreaming and Antidiscrimination already dealt with the subject critically. The first part of this essay constitutes of the definition
As society adjusts, so do its definitions of gender. Politics is the other key word in Scott’s statement that must be defined. Politics, according to Scott in “Women’s History”, is not just formal government but all relationships involving unequal distributions of power. Scott uses this broad definition of politics in order to explain the “cultural determination of the terms of sexual difference”. In other words this definition allows for a more complete explanation of what has shaped society’s e... ... middle of paper ... ...he role of historians should be to record history and its significance.
Take this script. This here is your stereotype, down here is your gender role, and on the back page with further clarification is the social norm. This is what is expected of you take the time to memorize it in full.” It sounds pretty rigorous and constricting doesn’t it? In cJudith Butler’s essay Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity, she examines the restrictions placed on men and women by the process of socialization. She makes an important distinction between sex and gender and argues that both sex and gender are culturally constructed.
In other words, conceptualizations of gender in literature are situated in a culture and historical context ; the context out of which a work of literature emerges molds the interpretation of gender in that work. Given that literature is a form of symbolic culture, that it has culture within it as much as... ... middle of paper ... ...hink more critically about gender when reading literary texts, for them to also come to find new and unobvious definitions/conceptualizations of gender. Jehlen does not only call into question conceptualizations of gender. She offers a fresh perspective on the concept, arguing that gender is a cultural performance. Her careful reading of this scene from Huck Finn, examining of an array of gender related dichotomies (nurture/nature, culture/nature, man/woman, masculine/feminine, etc.)
In this paper I will examine different psychological theories on binary gender identity and diverse gender identity. My intention is not to argue which set of theories is more accurate but more to provide information and let the reader decide for themselves in the light of their own experiences what theory makes the most sense to them. The psychologically charged debate over gender identity and its presence in society has taken the form of intuitions because of social necessity. On one side, diverse gender identity argues that traditional binary gender norms are no longer relevant nor an accurate reflection of the society that we live in today. The other side argues the more traditional concrete male/female gender identifications are paramount
Things that are important to this type of theory are state interactions, size of military forces, balance of power, etc. The second field, post-positivism, rejects the idea that the social world can be studied in an objective and value-free way. This field focuses on constitutive questions about important components of IR. Post-positivism looks to include broader interpretations of international relations to include concepts like class and gender. Gender is an important theoretical concept of IR because women’s experiences continue to be excluded from its study.
However, modern sociolinguistics attempt to undermine these radical statements by approaching the question analytically drawing on evidence from the fields of anthropology, discourse analysis, dialectology, ethnography and social psychology to investigate whether women's and men's communication differs to the extent described in psychology books and what are the factors that could contribute to the development of what is known to be sex-preferential language patterns . From the linguistic point of view, It could be argued that the question itself imposes pre-conceptions of the gendered talk as it assumes that speakers are divided in two groups called "women" and "men"' and that because those groups unarguably differ, the language they use is shaped by their sex characteristics. In exploring the question whether women and men speak differently, it is necessary to focus on considering the notion of the andocentric approach to gender, the concept of 'acquiring' ... ... middle of paper ... ... women speak. However, while Gray states that need a translator to help them with communication, Cameron claims that the differences in how men and women express themselves are minor and do not affect understanding of the opposite sex. The key contrast in the approaches undertaken by Gray and the feminists is why those discrepancies exist.
At a young age certain preconceive notions about a gender are created—gender schemas—which then shapes the way we view the world. The inequality comes forth when the schema limits themselves to the particular subset of behaviors and attitudes appropriate to their own gender. These limitations can be seen throughout our society. For instance, Researcher, Woodington (2010) explores the stereotypes on sex discrimination towards women in the legal profession and seeks to dismantle this discrimination by assimilating the cognitive principles of the gender schema theory. The journal articles claim that schemas create “gender role stereotypes which are also a primary mechanism for reinforcing sex discrimination towards women in the legal profession due to their basis in the social roles traditionally occupied by women and men” (135).
‘Like it or not … one cannot be gender-neutral in this culture ' (Bordo 2003: 242). With reference to your own examples, discuss the construction of gendered identities and differences in popular culture. In a culture that is rapidly altering, and redefining the way that society recognizes our own identity. Gender, the state that differentiates our feminine and masculine qualities and characteristics, is socially constructed. This differs from the biological determination of a person 's physical attributes.