In chapter five, Ehret argues that the failure on part of the Catholic Church to speak out against Jewish persecution is due to its strong stance against communism as well as fear of persecution by the Nazi movement. The idea of the hatred of communism is explained to be centered on Atheism therefore it was considered to be a lesser evil compared to Fascism. Ehret also explains how the Church saw communism as a Jewish led ideology which seems to say that the Church thought that Jews were not helping themselves in the time of their persecution. The second major theme argued by Ehret was how the Catholic Church was preoccupied with protecting its own status in the hostile European environment, therefore it did not have the time nor the energy to reach out to Jews. However, Ehret argued of Catholic backlash toward dome of the Nazi racial policy which the Catholic Church viewed as a Pagan belief system.
Protestant Churches also complied with the Aryan paragraph and dismissed anyone with Jewish ties from their employment. As part of this there was attempts to separate the Jew from Jesus. Statements such as “it is clear that the doctrine of Jesus’s Jewish racial heritage is a fraud and that the truth is that Jesus was of Aryan descent” and “Christ’s cross has stood between Christians as believers in Jesus of Nazareth, and the Jews” , were very common. Jews were seen as the enemy to most Christians. Hitler then stood as a bulwark against the evils of the Jews, as stated in Erikson on pg.
In order to spread his message, Chrysostom justifies that Christianity supersedes Judaism and therefore Christians should shun the evil Jews who killed Jesus Christ. Even in fourth century, Christianity has still not defined its division from Judaism. Christians still regarded themselves as Jews who believe Jesus is the Messiah, but follow Jewish traditions like going to synagogues. His main goal was to bring in the people who belong to the spectrum of non-Jesus Jews and convert them to become non-Jewish Christians. By doing so, Chrysostom makes it clear that he wants to draw a clear line between Jews and Christians.
Although negative views against the Jews at the time of Luther may not have been labeled as anti-Semitism during the holocaust it was clearly stated as anti-Semitism and led to the atrocity of the mass genocide of the Jews by the Nazi. It is evident that Nazi’s got much of their influences from Luther through their praises and reference to the theologian. In The Holy Reich it is mentioned that before the beginning of the final solution in 1940 renowned Nazi Himmler had a conversation on the “Jewish problem” saying, “You should read, moreover, what Luther said and wrote about the Jews. No judgment could be sharper” (Steigmann-Gall, p. 235). Steigmann then goes on to write that Himmler then goes on to reference On the Jews and Their Lies also that Himmler loved Luther so much he wished to be remembered a the Luther
(See Jobe’s story in the Bible) In the tale of Jobe God was testing Jobe’s faith and making sure that not matter what happened he still believed and enforced the Lord God. The Holocaust was the slaughter of roughly six million Jews in Nazi, Germany. This tested the faith of many and caused the death of millions however I do not think God abandoned them, I think he was merely testing their religion and trust to him. Some of the arguments put forward were probably the ones as I have partly mentioned above, and he had his reasons. God could have been testing the faith, as he did with Jobe, in the Holocaust.
It was Friedrich Nietzsche who called Christianity a slave morality. How could a religion which is said to teach love of thy neighbor, promote world peace, and avoiding sin be accused of harboring the enslavement of character so feverishly explained by Nietzsche? Many would denounce Nietzsche as an evil crazy person, one whose ideals were in line with the ideals of Nazi Germany. One would be incorrect assuming this of Nietzsche as one would be incorrect to argue that Christianity is not a slave morality. For it is defined as to which constitutes a slave morality that to me in no doubt does it cast that Nietzsche was correct in more ways than one.
Yet, early Christians tried to separate themselves from other Jews. Some early Christian accounts blamed Jews for Jesus’ death even though crucifixion was a specifically Roman form of punishment commonly practiced during Jesus’ time. Anti-Judaism had long been a visible part of Christian society. Here are a couple of comparisons of Canonical Law and Nazi measures: Synod of Elvira (306) stated prohibition of intermarriage and of sexual intercourse between Christians and Jews and the Nazi measure stated Law for the Protection of German Blood and Honor (1935) , Third Synod of Orléans (538) st... ... middle of paper ... ...ively by constructing death camps. Once this was done, Jews from the occupied countries of Western Europe were transported to the death camps.
Hitler blamed the Jews for the loss of World War I, which he called "the stab in the back" and made the focus of his political campaigns. The combination of religious anti-Semitism and political anti-Semitism with patriotism led many German people to accept Hitler's message. One of the stumbling blocks to even wider acceptance of the Nazis' racism was the assimilation of Jews into German life. Unlike the Jews of Eastern Europe, German Jews considered themselves no different from other Germans, but in religion.
Pro... ... middle of paper ... ...ople prayed in Auschwitz. Of course, he says that it is not that the Christians are not sympathetic towards the victims, but it is how can a relationship grow if it has been severed for such a long time? He says that only if we have a dialogue between Christians and the Jewish victims can we truly understand each other. However, he states that Christians may need to change their theology entirely to have a full and lasting relationship with the victims and the Jewish people in general. He states that Christians should remember they too were persecuted under Roman authority, and that they are not so "above" the Jews as they tend to believe.
This is not to suggest that Luther was akin to Hitler in action or deed. This does suggest that Luther, the spark of the Protestant Reformation and father of German nationalism, and his teachings had a profound impact on the anti-Semitic thinkers that were to follow (Prager 106). It is possible that Hitler and Luther shared a common ideological base. Luther's attitude toward the Jews is puzzling. During the course of his theological writings Luther made a drastic transition from sympathy to hateful paranoia.