The artworks of Mesopotamia, Ancient Egypt, the Aegean cultures, and Ancient Greece have similarities that not only reflect objects and images, but also the media, style and representation. These countries were not always wealthy, clever, creative and powerful enough to gain supplies, but they all find a way to create art with what they had. They have all influenced on each other’s cultures and belief through their artistic values and ways, ranging from the materials and tools they use, position and representation of their monuments and their religious intent. Mesopotamia’s first invention was a form of writing called cuneiform which was written on clay tablets with a sharp reed called a stylus. This permitted for recording events and writing formal laws.
Almost every aspect of Maya life was centered on religion. These ancient Mesoamerican peoples worshipped many gods and goddesses; this was part of their daily lives, despite class differences in their sophisticated society. Religion served as a basis for the government and social life. Priests and shamans played an important role in their government, conducted religious ceremonies, and made sacrifices to the gods. The Maya believed in the supernatural, and used this belief to explain life and their universe.
and ?Prometheus Bound.? Greek Tragedies: Volume 1. The University of Chicago Press: Chicago, 1991. 178-232, 65-106. Grene, D., and Lattimore, R., eds.
The Nile was an important part of Egyptian life both in regard to their day to day livelihood and in regard to their concepts of the afterlife. Abydos was a cultural and religious center that held importance not just for those that lived there but to the region as a whole. Many Egyptian pharaohs had temples built at Abydos for their worship after they had traveled to the afterlife. Not surprisingly, the more affluent Egyptians at Abydos had tombs constructed incorporating drawings and murals depicting servitude to the gods and other activities in which they expected to participate when they joined with the gods (Casson 42). Included in the tomb would be grave goods such as food, clothing, musical instruments and anything else that would make the afterlife more pleasant for the owner of... ... middle of paper ... ...ive Egyptian images took the place of those from Mesopotamia as the new kings focuses solely on their lands and responsibilities as great leaders of a great civilization.
This would also give artisans of that time the freedom to have depictions of gods and goddesses in their artwork along with the pharaohs. The pharaohs are the ones mostly known to have artwork based upon them with a god in the background, to represent some type of strength or power. During his reign he was believed to be the successor to the pharaoh scorpion and Ka. Instead of having symbols that recognized him name he used symbols of unification. Narmer was the king that unified Lower and Upper Egypt into one, there is roof of his reign over both in an early document in Abydos tombs.
Today, Egypt is known as a land of beauty and mystery due to the vast remains of numerous temples, majestic pyramids and divine works of art. Due to the harsh and arid condition of Egypt, that allowed preservation, many funerary remains have succeeded to modern times leaving many to interpret the rich Egyptian culture. These remains have emphasised the importance of religion and reinforced the beliefs of an afterlife following their deaths. Pyramids and tombs illustrate the importance of the pharaoh in Egyptian society and how they were perceived. Archaeological evidence of funerary customs show that religion was an integral part of Egyptian culture.
We gain a glimpse into what was believed to be the after life through inscriptions such as the Book of the Dead. Although terrifying tales, it contained information that the deceased could use to protect themselves. Stelas were first employed just to perpetuate the name of the deceased but through time became more and more decorated. The first royal stelas simply inscribed the kings name in the serekh and was placed inside of niches within their tombs. The first stelas were erected in the Upper Egyptian funerary complexes at Abydos and were large slabs of rectangular stone,... ... middle of paper ... ...ed accomplishments, probably to aid in the Weighing of the Heart Ceremony.
Pinch, G. (2002) Egyptian Mythology A Guide to the Gods, Goddesses, and Traditions of Ancient Egypt. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Robins, G. (2008) The Art of Ancient Egypt. London: The British Museum Press. Stevens, A.
The most fascinating aspect of this sport is what set it apart from other ritual-based events of these cultures. Based on how you played in the ball game was a matter of life and death. As seen on murals and carvings showing the ball game, the sport was linked to rituals involving human sacrifice. Shrouded in speculation and myth, the sacred game of Tlachtli remains one of the most fascinating and intriguing mysteries of the Mesoamerica civilizations. This paper will touch basis on how this sport played a part in shaping the lives of these Pre-Columbian civilizations.