Without proper and effective treatment the death rate is expected to triple in the next fifteen years (Turkington 9). Seventy-five percent of those infected with the virus will develop chronic hepatitis and half of those people will develop cirrhosis of the liver Due to the fact that Hepatitis C is blood-borne there are many ways a person can contract HCV, and many types of people who are more prone to it than others. The most effective mode of transmission is when an infected persons blood gets into the bloodstream of another person. HCV can only enter the bloodstream by first getting through the protective covering skin, this is called percutaneous route. Common routes of infection include needle stick accidents among healthcare workers, shared needles that are used during body piercing, injecting illegal drugs, and tattooing (Turkington 19).
Hepatitis is a disease which is caused by an injury to the liver causing inflammation that can be short-term or long lasting (Balistreri). There are five forms of viral Hepatitis known as Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, Hepatitis D, and Hepatitis E. Each form of Hepatitis is very unique to the other and it is very important to understand the causes and effects of each one. Hepatitis A is the first viral form of Hepatitis which is common amongst poverty stricken countries due to the poor sanitary conditions (Balistreri). Hepatitis A is most commonly transferred through drinking water and food when they have been infected with fecal matter. Hepatitis A may also be transferred when a person has failed to wash their hands after going to the restroom in which case they had fecal matter on their person and then come into contact with another person infecting them.
The physical changes in the liver are only visible under the microscope. When hepatitis develops, patients are often thought to have infectious hepatitis or infectious mononucleosis when they actually have Wilson's Disease hepatitis. Any unexplained abnormal liver test should trigger thought about Wilson's Disease. How is Wilson's Disease Diagnosed? The diagnosis of Wilson's Disease is made by relatively simple tests which almost always make the diagnosis.
Another way to contract the disease is through unprotected sex. An appropriate antiviral therapy would control the virus, but chronic infection lasts for a lifetime. In the United States, hepatitis B infections result in thousands of dea... ... middle of paper ... ...e, risk status related to sex and gender, disability status, and all other populations identified to be at risk for unequal health outcomes or imbalance with disease distribution. Asian Americans as a minority group in the United States, shares the burdens of these health disparities within the cases of acute and chronic hepatitis B and its relation into developing liver cancer which affects Vietnamese Americans the most. Well-designed and well-developed health promotion and disease prevention aims to impact the overall health in the U.S. population.
After remova... ... middle of paper ... ...s are a;so known as viral loads and used to detect infection status and treatment. Treatment:- Acute hepatitis B infection not usually need any treatment because this infection is cleared spontaneously. Antiviral treatments are required to less than 1% patients which are highly immunocompromised. On other side chronic infections must be treated properly to minimize risk of liver cancer and cirrhosis. Therapy is also used to eradicate HBV.
A is the mild mannered virus compared to the other viruses. It has the symptoms of influenza, fever, vomiting, loss of appetite, and weakening of body, but it does have some differences such as jaundice (a yellowing pigmentation of the skin and whites of the eyes) and urine appears to be a darker color. Jaundice is caused by an abundance of bilirubon which has not been removed from the blood system due to the infected liver. Hep. A does not have any special medications or antibiotics that can be used to treat or prevent this unpleasant virus.
There is no vaccine for HCV and vaccines of other forms of hepatitis do not provide immunity against hepatitis C. What are the symptoms? Most people infected with HCV do not have symptoms. Even if they have normal liver function tests, they are called carriers. The virus is in their blood and can cause damage to the liver. Carriers can transmit the virus to others.
HEPATITIS B VIRUS Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) is a virus that attacks the liver. The virus is transmitted through blood and bodily fluids. This can occur through direct blood-to-blood contact, unprotected sex, use of contaminated needles, and from an effected mother to her newborn during the delivery process. The majority of people do not have noticeable symptoms when they are first infected with the HBV. People who do not know they are infected with the HBV, their body can respond in different ways.
There are over one million new cases per year in the United States. Genital Warts are spread by sexual contact with an infected partner. This disease it is very contagious and usually within three months of sexual contact with an infected person, the individual will develop it. Not often people are born with the infectio... ... middle of paper ... ...tial Facts) People receiving treatment should not drink alcohol since mixing alcohol with the medicines can cause severe nausea and vomiting. Sexual transmitted diseases are responsible for the death of millions of Americans and many other people around the world each year.
Banning Cigarettes This year alone cigarettes will kill over 420,000 Americans, and many more will suffer from cancers, and circulatory and respiratory system diseases. These horrible illnesses were known to come from cigarettes for years. Recently the Food and Drug Administration declared nicotine, the main chemical in cigarettes, addictive. This explains why smokers continue to use cigarettes even though smokers are aware of the constantly warned about health dangers in cigarettes. Some researchers have also found out that smoking by pregnant women causes the deaths of over 5,000 babies and 115,000 miscarriages.