A Short Biography Of Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him

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Muhammad was a prophet and a statesman Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him) was born in the year 570 in the city of Mecca, a mountain town in the high desert plateau of western Arabia. His name originates from the Arabic verb hamada meaning "to praise, to glorify". He was the only son of Abd Allah bin Al-Muttalib and Amina bint Wahb. Abd Allah died a few months before Muhammad's birth and Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him) was raised by his mother Amina who in keeping with Meccan tradition entrusted her son at an early age to a wet nurse named Halima from the nomadic tribe of the Sa'd ibn Bakr. (Azzam and Gouverneur 2003; Hayes 2004).When Muhammad(Peace Be Upon Him) was 6 years old his mother took him to an oasis town named Yathrib to meet with his relatives and visit his father’s grave. However on the way back Amina took ill and died. He was then adopted by his grandfather, Abd al-Muttalib, who loved him dearly. Upon his grandfather's death in 578, Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him) was 8 years old and was passed into the care of a paternal uncle, Abu Talib. As a young boy Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him) worked as a shepherd and occasionally traveled with Abu Talib, who was a merchant, accompanying caravans to trade centers. Later on in his early 20’s he started working for a wealthy merchant named Khadija bint Khawalayd. Impressed by Muhammad's honesty and character, Khadija eventually proposed marriage. They were happily married and for a few years Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him) lived a calm and quiet life as a merchant in Mecca. (Azzam and Gouverneur 2003) Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him) believed that there was only one Allah, Creator of the sun, the moon, the earth, the sky, and of all living things, and that all people should worship only Him. He w... ... middle of paper ... ... them. (Hayes 2004). In 632, Muhammad died. The Muslim community was in shock at the loss of their leader. Abu Bakr reminded them that Muhammad was a mortal, and that only Allah should be worshipped. He was buried in the mosque in Medina. Within a hundred years Muhammad's teaching and way of life had spread from the remote corners of Arabia as far as Spain in the West and Afghanistan in the East. Firstly, there is Muhammad’s wisdom as a statesman. In the course of Quran much has been said about Muhammad’s political strategy and his social reforms. His wisdom in these matters is shown by the rapid development of his small state to a world-empire after his death. Secondly he was a Prophet a man who was able to provide millions of men with a better religion than they had before they testified that there is no god but Allah and that Muhammad is the messenger of Allah.

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