A Sense Of Loneliness

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A sense of belonging provides a sense of safety. The absence of a sense of belonging indicates the experience of loneliness (Dahlberg, 2007). A threat to the need to belong affects a sense of well-being. Loneliness has been associated with physical and mental health consequences (Rook, 2000; Heinrich & Gullone, 2006). The threat stemming from isolation functions as an alert signaling diminishing safety. It motivates people to seek a resolution to be more satisfied in their social relationship by seeking social interaction (Heinrich & Gullone, 2006; Cacioppo & Patrick, 2008; Cacioppo, Cacioppo, & Boomsma, 2013). Hence, a sense of loneliness can serve as motivation to make a change to reduce the threat. However, lonely individuals when it is…show more content…
Begen and Turner-Cobb (2015) reported various benefits of social belonging. According to their study, heartrate responses to the inclusion condition were notable. The participants’ heartrate did not merely return to the baseline but showed further decrease. This is significant that typically, a physiological arousal such as increased heartrate is a response to a physiological as well as a psychological threat. A sense of belonging affects mood. With an increased belonging through inclusion reduces negative affect suggesting that an increased sense of belonging improves emotional well-being. On the other hand, they did not observe a significant increase in positive affect following inclusion (Begen & Turner-Cobb,…show more content…
Suicidality is a serious concern that is often associated with depression (see American Psychiatric Association, 2013). Globally, the rate of suicide is increasing. A low sense of belonging is linked to a higher risk of having suicidal thoughts and attempts in the non-clinical population. However, the direct connection between the 2 factors is not significant, suggestion that a presence of third factor such as depression make the association significant (Hatcher & Stubbersfield, 2013). Nevertheless, a preventative effect of belonging on suicide is suggested. It has been reported that individuals with a positive social integration are less likely to commit suicide. Thus, social factors such as marriage (or partnership), employment, and friends are considered as protective factors of suicide (Baumeister & Leary,

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