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According to Lee Tunstall, homelessness is a social problem that “has been growing since the 1970’s” (2009, para.1) and has caught the attention of both the Canadian government and the general public (Tunstall, 2009) . Predominantly, the homeless are individuals or families with no permanent residence who also lack the resources or abilities necessary to arrange for their own adequate housing and living (Stearman, 2010). This matter affects a diverse demographic of the Canadian public. In 2003, the Toronto report card on housing and homelessness reported that out of 32,000 people who used homeless shelters, 15% were families, 22% were youths between the ages of fifteen and twenty-four, 18% were single women and 48% were single men (2003). Shelters, however, only represent a small percentage of homeless individuals. Hidden homeless persons, the largest percentage of the homeless (Gerdes, 2007), are people who live in cars, abandoned buildings, family or friends, and often with strangers (Jencks, 1994)). An official estimate was released by the National Secretariat who estimated that there were 150,000 Canadians who were homeless (Think Student Canada, 2009). However, this estimate was mostly based on shelters. Most organizations and groups estimate a larger number of 250,000 homeless Canadians including hidden homeless individuals (Echenber & Jensen, 2005). This paper examines the importance, causes and solutions to a problem of such critical importance and suggests that the government must fund a variety of long-term solutions to aid and rehabilitate homeless persons in order to end this social concern. CAUSES Risk factors can be divided into three interconnected categories (Bradford, 2009). Firstly, social selection, the in... ... middle of paper ... ...Context. Retrieved February 5, 2011, from http://ic.galegroup.com/ic/cic/ReferenceDetailsPage/ReferenceDetailsWindow?displayGroupName=Reference&prodId=CIC&action=e&windowstate=normal&catId=&documentId=GALE%7CEJ2181600137&mode=view Toronto report card on homelessness. (2003). Toronto. Retrieved February 5, 2011, from www.toronto.ca/homelessness/pdf/reportcard2003.pdf Tunstall, L. (2009). Homelessness: an overview. EBSCO Publishing Service Selection Page. Retrieved February 5, 2011, from http://web.ebscohost.com/pov/detail?hid=119&sid=d5f751fa-0d0d-4ed1-8deb-483e701af50c%40sessionmgr111&vid=3&bdata=Jmxhbmc9ZW4tY2Emc2l0ZT1wb3YtY2Fu#db=p3h&AN=28674966 Wells, E. (2009). Counterpoint: Solving homelessness requires more than housing . EBSCOhost . Retrieved February 5, 2011, from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=p3h&AN=28674968&lang=en-ca&site=pov-can


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