Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. was arrested on April 12, 1963, in Birmingham, for having a protest without a proper permit. On the exact day King was arrested, eight clergymen from Alabama wrote a letter called “A Call for Unity.” The letter called for termination of civil activities and demonstrations and designated King an “outsider” and saying that outsiders were the problems in Birmingham and not the blacks that are from there. On April 16 King wrote “Letter from Birmingham Jail”, which was his responds to his fellow clergymen. He wrote the letter as a means to convince the clergymen and the white moderate that the nonviolent demonstrations that had got him arrested, were a necessity and to enlighten them on why the segregation laws in the southern states needed to be changed. In “Letter from Birmingham Jail” King uses logos, pathos, and ethos to persuade the clergymen and convince them in assisting him in putting an end to segregation laws of blacks in Birmingham, Alabama.
Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. changed America with his non-violent campaigns during the civil rights movement. Although his campaigns consisted of morally legal protests, speeches, and marches, he was still sentenced to jail on multiple occasions due to unjust laws. In King's “Letter from a Birmingham Jail,” he addresses the issues and injustices in Alabama with his responses to his fellow clergymen. King’s letter effectively uses Aristotle’s strategies of ethos (credibility), logos (logic), and pathos (emotions) to convince his readers that he is on the right side of these racial issues.
The introduction to the novel is the first shorter essay from him to his nephew. Through Baldwin’s letter to his nephew he goes into depth of what kind of world he is forced to grow up in and what white America expects him to do in this world “this innocent country set you down in a ghetto in which in fact, it intended that you should perish.” (Baldwin, 7) By this last quotation Baldwin is telling his nephew that he was placed in the struggle from the beginning and is expected to suffer there forever. He goes on to say in a way that this is the case because of the fact that you are “black and no other reason” (Baldwin, 7) Baldwin’s essay was a form of delivering encouragement to the young adolescent “if you whence where you came, there is really no limits to where you can go”. He wants his nephew to know that you first have to accept what have been dealt to you and from there you can go anywhere and do anything you desire. This does show how many parents of black children had to be in able for their children to prosper rather perish, particularly during the “Movement”, but yet still today black parents still have to push th...
Dr. King’s well-known “Letter from Birmingham Jail," was published in The Atlantic as "The Negro Is Your Brother," and was written on 12 of April, 1963 it was in response to a public statement of concern and caution issued by eight white religious leaders of the South. Dr. King and 58 men had marched down into downtown Birmingham to protest against racism and racial segregation laws of the Jim Crow era. As a result, they were all arrested and put into prison by the police. In his letter, Dr. King tells the clergymen that he is upset about their criticisms, and that he has a good reason for his actions. Dr. King emphasizes that there is a need for justice for the black race because they have been oppressed for a long time, and
“Along with other black children in small Southern villages, I had accepted the total polarization of the races as a psychological comfort. Whites existed, as no one denied, but they were n...
Booker T. Washington emphasizes that the significance of industrial prosperity is more momentous than having a social equal for the black race.
"The Letter from Birmingham Jail", written by Martin Luther King Jr., has a persuasive use of the pathos language. King uses a series of quotes to get the clergymen to feel sympathetic for him and his people. He uses the statement, "An unjust law is no law at all"(page 7), referring that if it is not a fair and equal law, then it is no law at all. This can be seen as pathos because it is meant to get to their emotions. It gets looked at from a different perspective. Also, it grabs their attention. He also uses repetition in his letter. The words "illegal", "injustice", and "segregation" are used more than at least 5 times. Using repetition shows that what you are stating is important. He is trying to get his point across that what he is fighting
1. The opening paragraph presents itself with a respectful and gracious tone. King exhibits this when he addresses the audience as “my dear fellow clergymen” and by stating they are “men of genuine good will”. Considering that he wrote this in a jail cell, one could say King was not in the best mood. The numerous times he had tried to negotiate with members of the community had failed, so he could had been irritated. In those terms, one could argue that King sounded condescending, and seemed to be mocking the clergy men.
In considering the letter from Birmingham Jail written by Martin Luther King, Jr., It was decided that I would write in the same format as him. I hope you don’t mind. The purpose of this “letter” is to discuss the most effective rhetorical device used by Dr. King. Three rhetorical devices are pathos, logos, and ethos. In my opinion, the all work hand in hand, therefore, I will discuss all three of them.