A Review of the Development of Internet and Cyberlaw in United States
860 Words4 Pages
A Review of the development of Internet and Cyberlaw in United States
The history of Internet can be traced back to the Arpanet 1968, a military research network sponsored by the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA). The ultimate purpose for the invention of the internet was to ensure the military communication during wartime. It was later developed to the private sectors and university researches in the 20th Century. This was the period of time when university students began to use Internet. Until today, the number of internet users increased accordingly. A recent survey conducted by the Pew Research Center, a non-partisan think tank in Washington, found out that 87% of the U.S. adults use Internet.
Figure 1 The survey conducted by the Pew Research Center regarding the number of Internet users in 2014 in United States
With the rapid increase of Internet users, the governance questions are therefore aroused. The Cyberlaw was hence introduced. The Black’s Law Dictionary defines “Cyberlaw” as “ the field of law dealing with the Internet, encompassing cases, statutes, regulations, and disputes that affect people and business interacting through computers.”. Cyberlaw has been considered as a new emerging area of legislating the internet. However, the legislation of Cyberlaw is yet not mature to combat the emerging cybercrime as the Black law Dictionary still includes in its definition that Cyberlaw is an emerging area. The first creation of Internet Law was based on the privacy law on internet usage in 1974. It was until 1996 that the Communication Decency Act was enacted attempting to regulate both indecency and obscenity in cyberspace. This act served as the first Cyberlaw ratified, aim...
... middle of paper ...
...9 (March 1995):72-73.
16. Rosenoer,Jonathan (1997). Cyberlaw: The Law of the Internet. New York: Springer-Verlag.
17. Schroeder, J.C. (2013). “Electronically Transmitted Threats and Higher Education: Oppression, Free Speech, and Jake Baker”, The Review of Higher Education Vol. 36, No.3 (Spring,2013): 295-313.
18. Wallace R. Jay (1994). Responsibility and the Moral Sentiments. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press.
19. Wolak, J., Finkelhor, D., Mitchell, K.J. (2006). Online Victimization of Youth: Five Years Later. Virginia:National Center for Missing &Exploited Children.
20. Ybarra,M.L., Mitchell, K.J. (2008). “How risky are social networking sites? A comparison of places online where youth sexual solicitation and harassment occurs”, Pediatrics Vol. 121, No. 2 (July 2007):350-357.
21. Young, I.M. (2009). Five faces of oppression. New York: Routledge.