A Research Study On Stem Cell Research

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What can one day cure diseases such as cancer? Stem cells. Stem cells are the future in medical technology. In this paper I will discuss what stem cells are, the history behind stem cell research, how stem cells might help treat diseases, and what diseases stem cells could potentially treat. I will also discuss the positives of stem cell research, the negatives of stem cell research, and what the hope for stem cell research is. First of all, what are stem cells? Stem cells are immature cells that can become specialized into different types of cells, such as a muscle cell or a red blood cell. There are two types of stem cells, adult stem cells and embryonic stem cells. An adult stem cell is a stem cell that is found in already developed tissue in children and adults. Embryonic stem cells are produced when a newly fertilized egg begins to divide. Adult stem cells act as a repair system for dying cells, while embryonic stem cells can become any type of cell in the body. Embryonic stem cells are more sought after by scientists because they can become specialized with any type of cell in the body. Embryonic stem cells are easier to grow in a lab than adult stem cells because adult stem cells are harder to control in a lab. According to Christopher Scott, the Executive Director of the Stanford University Center for Biomedical Ethics Program in Stem Cells and Society, there are two major characteristics that signify a cell’s stemness. The first is the degree to which a stem cell can differentiate into various cell types. The second is a special kind of cell division that ensures a future supply of stem cells, commonly called self-renewal (Scott 82). The term “stem cell” first appeared in 1868 when German biologist Ernst Haeckel uses t... ... middle of paper ... ...history behind stem cell research, how stem cells can help treat diseases, what diseases stem cells can potentially treat, the pros and cons of stem cell research, and the hopes for the future in stem cell research. Works Cited "Basics of Stem Cell Research." Basis of Stem Cell Research. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 Dec. 2014. "Boston Children 's Hospital." Boston Childrens Hospital. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Dec. 2014. Scott, Christopher Thomas. Stem Cell Now: From the Experiment That Shook the World to the New Politics of Life. New York: Pi, 2006. Print. "Stem Cell Basics." What Are the Unique Properties of All Stem Cells? [Stem Cell Information]. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 Dec. 2014. "Stem Cell Transplant." Stem Cells: What They Are and What They Do. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Dec. 2014. "What Are Stem Cells?" University of Nebraska Medical Center. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Dec. 2014.
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