A New Model For Black Reparations, By Roy L. Brooks's Atonement And Forgiveness?
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Beginning from more than two and a half centuries, Black Americans have deliberately been mistreated by the United States' government in terms of slavery and policies such as the Jim Crow Laws that ensured the disenfranchisement of them. Through the country's unjust and discriminatory political, economic and social systems, resources and opportunities were overwhelmingly stifled from African Americans. Years of this systematic racism exposes Black Americans to high concentrations of social problems such as poverty. In the book, Atonement and Forgiveness: A New Model for Black Reparations (2004) by Roy L. Brooks, the debate of reparation for descendants of the Atlantic Slave Trade is discussed. Brooks makes the argument that a government has…show more content… These forms of asset-developing reparations could potentially pave the road to reconciliation of the trust that is lost between Black citizens and the federal government. However, according to Roy L. Brooks, there is still a clear majority of White opposition to the debate of slave redress which stem from either one of two sources; those who fear that they will be the ones who will be at a racial disadvantage if true equality was given and from those who believe that the government should not indulge special privileges to any group. This sentiment comes from the belief that the reparation debate is strictly about compensation and getting even. Brooks explains that this is the “Tort” model’s approach to the debate which differs from his “Atonement Model” that focuses on the moral interest of the government which is beneficial to all citizens. Atonement and Forgiveness: A New Model for Black Reparations discusses the moral obligation of a government to apologize in order to reach racial reconciliation without political confrontation from its…show more content… Because slavery and unjust laws forced Black Americans into the worst jobs, worst housing and educational systems, the people arguing for the reparations say that it is the moral duty of the government to provide restitution for stolen opportunity and denied resources of innocent people. They continue to urge corporations and banks that were found to be guilty of racially prejudiced practices such as redlining, companies that profited from forced labor to provide compensation partly. Supporters of reparations believe that this compensation should come in many forms such as land ownership, increased autonomy and increased research to determine the final amount of reparations for the loss of humanity, culture and labor of people. Their argument is not as radical nor new as the government has previously provided redress for other tragedies. For example, as Brook points out, the government gave $3 billion to the victims of 9/11 even though it wasn’t responsible for the act. Brook says that this compassion is absent for victims of the government’s own atrocities. Congress has also passed laws calling on itself and other governments to right their acts of injustice against innocent groups. Yet, there are still groups that voice their opposition to the idea of slave redress. A reoccurring argument is that