These treaties generally brutally kicked the “Indians” out of their land and pushed them farther and farther west. The Indian Removal act of 1830 encompassed more than five tribes and pressing all of them out of the southern United States. While some Natives fought back, many were forced to comply in order to save themselves from the Americans’ wrath. Eventually the white people themselves went so far west that there was no longer anywhere to put the Native Americans. In order to deal with this conundrum, the American army forced most tribes to abide on reservations in hopes that they would gradually become civilized and assimilate to the American culture.
However, the only way this would be possible is if they exterminated the Native Americans. In their eyes, Indians were ignorant savages that were not worthy or capable enough to handle the rich land. "Traditional histories of the United States portray American expansion westward as the advance of `civilization' and the winning of the continent." However, when the Native Americans reminisce back to the westward expansion, their memories are of the traumatic struggle they endured to preserve their culture, land, families and friends. The loss of fellow Indians, thru epidemic diseases, began the depopulation of ... ... middle of paper ... ...
Worcester argued against the constitutionality of the Indian Removal Act. This document placed in 1830 planning ... ... middle of paper ... ...the Removal as their holocaust” (Baker 3). The Native Americans will never forget the most horrific journey of their life, as it made such an impact on the way the Native Americans went about their daily life. They had to create new lives out of nothing, rebuilding the houses and schools that the merciless Americans had burned down. The long term influence on the American Indians, the impact on the Indians during the contemptible event, and the responses of the Indian tribes all epitomize the idea that the action of the removal of American Indians was a violation of the tribes’ rights and was an extremely abysmal failing by the American citizens in their responsibilities.
The impact of American expansion has turned upon the Indians and confronted them with social and economic crises never before experienced. As a result, many tribes torn apart, in many cases extinct, and their identity was lost. Indians also lost their original lands as a result of direct and indirect contact with the Europeans. The whites wanted more lands for their developments, and because of this greed, they created direct policies to clear the Indians off their lands. For example, one form of direct policy that the whites used to rob Indians of their lands was by signing treaties.
After the American Revolution was over the Indians got more problems. Such as the forming of a general policy of getting rid of the unwanted inhabitants. Also there was a National policy made to move Indians west of the Mississippi River, which is said to be the most culturally problem of that era. Plus there was the problem of them found not to be guaranteed equal protection under the law and could not prevent whites from attacking their lands. These problems caused them to be driven from their homes then being put into internment camps, and then being forcefully moved to a strange land.
Americans saw the Revolution as an opportunity to "complete the process of dispossessing Indians of their rich lands." (Foner, 230&231) Indians could not enjoy the freedoms that were granted to white males after the Revolution. They were not able to work, participate in politics, or freely practice their religion. Although the Revolution was a significant blow to the Native Americans, it wouldn’t be the last event that would alter their ways of life. From the end of the American Revolution to 1865, Native Americans would continue to be forced off their lands and be forced to give up their old ways of life and assimilate to American culture.
When the Dawes Act, a Native American Policy, was enforced in 1887, it focused on breaking up reservations by granting land allotments to individual Native Americans. At that time, people believed that if a person adopted the white man’s clothing, ways and was responsible for his own farm, he would eventually drop his, as stated by the Oxford University Press, “Indian-ness” and become assimilated in American society. The basic idea of this act was the taking away of Native American Culture because they were considered savage and primitive to the incoming settlers. Many historians now agree the Native’s treatment throughout the Dawes Act was completely unfair, unlawful, and unethical. American Society classified them as savages solely on their differences in morals, religion, appearance and overall culture.
The Indians also had a hard time excepting the invasions on new territories, which led to many wars. This resulted in a large decrease of the Indian population, so some Indians turned to Cristianity and other European traditions. On the otherhand, many Indians insisted that European beliefs should exist only amongst themselves. They had no business trying to introduce a new religion when the Indian's traditions have been practiced for years. The Indians during this time were forced to accept the Europeans establishing new territories, even if they did not belong to them.
The Native American chronicle is one of treachery and death. These Indians lived lives of concord and prosperity for centuries. However, their reign terminated with the arrival of European settlers in the 15th century. The arising onslaught of foreign colonists is considered by some to be the initiation of the “American Holocaust” (Native American Genocide). The immigrants did not share customs or spiritual views with the Native people, so they attempted to annihilate the Native American populace.
American policy in regards to Indians has consistently been inconsistent. While evoking the inalienable rights of man, the American government spurned Native peoples right to their own land, their own culture, their very way of life. Whilst Jefferson lamented for the dying Indian race, he simultaneously spurned Indians who refused to assimilate into white society. Jefferson attempted to present a broad program advocating Indian assimilation into the greater American society, while forever keeping in mind the interests of the romanticized frontier farmer. Ultimately, the policy of the United States came to be a unilateral decision: Native peoples were in fact not worthy or able of assimilation into the white world, and were therefore, unacceptable.