A Multidimensional Approach

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A Multidimensional Approach Education and intelligence are two subjects, when combined, creates many issues, much controversy, which motivates research. Over the past century, the dynamics of the issues concerning intelligence, intelligence testing and education have changed drastically. The relationship between intelligence theory, testing and education has proceeded to become a highly sophisticated multidimensional approach emphasizing the explanation of differences in cognitive functioning and treatment of learning disabilities. The technical, more advanced multidimensional approach to intelligence provides school psychologists, as well as teachers, with useful information necessary for a more optimistic future in education. The transformation of theory, testing and educational practice and policy is a product of an outdated conceptualization of intelligence. Old conceptualizations were limited to a unidimensional approach, focusing on predictions of academic success, paying no attention to explanation or treatment. This view challenges the traditional methods of teaching and assessing students because, traditionally, all students are taught and assessed the same way. Today in the United States a free and appropriate education is available to everyone under the age of 21. “Only recently – indeed, only in the past century – have societies advanced the notion that every individual in a community should be educated” (Gardner, Kornhaber & Wake 1996). Furthermore each state has set mandates specifying what is appropriate by outlining requirements and standards each student is expected to obtain. For those students who are at risk of failure or students who are suspected of a learning disability are required by the ... ... middle of paper ... ...996). Intelligence Multiple Perspectives. Philadelphia: Harcout Brace College Publisher. Heller, K. A., Holtzman, W. H., & Messick, S. (Eds). (1982). Placing children in special education: A strategy for equity. Washington, DC: National Academy press. Heward, W.L., (1996). Exceptional Children An Introduction to Special Education Fifth Edition. Columbus, Ohio: Merrill. Kranzler, J.H., (1997). Educational and Policy Issues Related to the Use and Interpretation of Intelligence Test in the Schools. School Psychology Review, 26, 150-162. Reschly, D. J., (1997). Utility of Individual Ability Measures and Public Policy Choices for the 21ST Century. School Psychology Review, 26, 234-241. Sadker, D.M., Sadker, M.P., (1997). Teachers, Schools, and Society Fouth Edition. New York: The McGraw-Hill Companies Inc. http://www.ips.k12.in.us/mskey/

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