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A LITERATURE REVIEW CONCERNING

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Introduction
The American society of today strongly values and caters to Generation X with advertising, product development and societal norms perpetuating the idea and values of a youthful society; however, a revolution may be around the corner. Just as the baby boomers “caused a social revolution in the late ‘60s” (Barr, 1999, par. 2), they may cause a millennium social revolution that embraces aging and generates changes in geriatric services.
Baby boomers account for a significant number of our population. During the post World War II era, sociologists noted a significant rise in “number and rate of births to women aged 15-44” (Morgan, 1998, p. 10) from 1946 until 1964. Baby boomers are now reaching middle age, and will over the next few decades reach old age causing a demographic shift with the potential to influence and change the societal norms and beliefs about the aging and the elderly. The United States population aged 65 and over was 33.2 million in 1994 with forecasts from the Census Bureau that this demographic group will more than double to 80 million elderly in 2050 (Economics and Statistics Administration, 1995).
Medical advances, a decline in birth rates, increased wealth and improved public awareness of wellness and prevention have also affected the increased number of elderly, according to Peter G. Peterson (1999) in the book Gray Dawn: How the Coming Age Wave will Transform America– and the World. These factors have contributed to an aging society by increasing the average life expectancy in the United States “by twenty-eight years since the year 1900” (Butler, Lewis, and Sunderland, 1998, p. 3).
The impact of the baby boom demographic group has the potential to revolut...

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... (1999, July). Health boom: tips for aging baby boomers. Indiana Business Magazine, 43, 4p. Retrieved on July 9, 2001 from EBSCO database (Masterfile) on the World Wide Web: http://ehostvgwl.epnet.com/ehost.asp?key=204. 179.140_8000_1462232355&sire=ehost&return=y
Bayer, A., and Harper, L. (2000, May). Fixing to stay: a national survey on housing and home modification issues. Retrieved on July 24, 2001 from the World Wide Web: http://reserach.aarp.org/il/home_mod_1.html
Benedict, E. (2001, May 21). When baby boomers grow old. The American Prospect, 12, 10p. Retrieved on July 9, 2001 from the World Wide Web: http://www. prospect.org/print/V12/9/benedict-ehtml
Butler, R. N., Lewis, M. I., and Sunderland, T. (Eds.). (1998). Aging and mental health: positive psychosocial and biomedical approaches (5th ed.). Boston: Allyn and Bacon.
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