Lastly, this paper will explore possible treatments, preventive measures, and solutions to help stop African American juvenile delinquency. Discussion The Marxist perspective theory falls under Sociological Positivism. Bartollas and Miller (2014) posit that the Marxist perspective sees the government and the legal process as instruments that the elites, or bourgeoisie, use to control the masses. Turk (1982) states that capitalism is the root cause which forces juveniles to commit crime. In addition, Turk (1982) posits that the main reason for conflict relates to wealth.
Karl Marx said that crime is the product of unjust and alienating social conditions. According to the Social Conflict theory crime is the result of class conflict. All of the criminal activities have political meanings behind them. The Social Conflict theory is more interested in groups rather than individuals. It is usually the power groups that tend to win the conflicts.
Last, this paper will Definition One of the major problems that persist in our “structured society” is crime. Theorists have two main perspectives that are used to explain crimes which are the consensus and conflict view. From the consensus view, crime is the introduction of deviance in a structured society based around laws. People in society create laws collectively in order to maintain social order. This creates a democracy, which is where “law serves people equally, and persons who violate the law represent a unique subgroup” (Winfree & Abadinsky, 2010, pg4).
In the end penalties are both tougher and more likely to be imposed for crimes committed by lower class people than those of higher social classes. The conflict approach to deviance underscores the relativity of deviance. The conflict perspective when applied to the study of deviant behavior emphasizes social inequality and power differentials. The most powerful members of society are said to determine group norms, and consequently who will be regarded as deviant. Conflict theorists relate deviance to capitalism pointing the relationship between race, ethnicity, and crime.
I have chosen to cover the topic of poverty and crime in modern day America based off of the theories of conflict, social disorganization, and strain. These three theories are the cause of the most crime in an impoverished area, and with impoverished people. The topic of poverty has a negative manner on an area because if you have a high rate of crime in an area it is going to push people away, which in turn moves the money out of the area and it makes it harder to rebuild and revitalize a desolated city The conflict theory is “An examination of Karl Marx 's and Georg Simmel 's theories of conflict is undertaken with an eye toward assessing what they offer contemporary theorizing. The contrasting purposes, metaphysical assumptions, conceptualizations
American Journal of Criminal Law; Spring2010, Vol. 37 Issue 2, p221-240, 20p Sellers, B. G., & Arrigo, B. A., (2009). Adolescent transfer, developmental maturity, and adjudicative competence: an ethical and justice policy inquiry. Journal of Criminal Law & Criminology; Spring2009, Vol.
Based on the writings of Karl Marx, radical criminologists argue that the state works to serve the interests of the capitalist ruling class and that criminal law is merely an instrument of that class to keep all other classes in a disadvantage position (Young et al.,1973; Quinney, 1980). Named the elites, bourgeois, or the ruling class, these powerful people formulate and shape the content of the law to further their interests and at the same time to exploit the poor and the weak. Criminal law protects the powerful by making it look like the most dangerous types of crime are committed by the poor and consequently by setting the stage for criminal justice officials to go after and punish perpetrators of street crime more harshly than those who commit white collar or corporate crime. On September 13, 1989, a small Kentucky town experienced a powerful tragic mining “accident,” or so it seemed. The powerful methane explosion left 10 men dead.
Furthermore, I will discuss the key problems for the theory that limits its effective’s in criminology and understanding of the causes of crime. According to Cullen and Agnew (2011) the deterrence and rational choice theories of crimes originated from the ideas generated from Cesare B... ... middle of paper ... ...st to Present, edited by Cullen, T.F., Agnew, R. New York, Oxford: Oxford University Press. Cullen, T.F., Agnew, R. Criminological Theory: Past to Present. New York, Oxford: Oxford University Press. (Intro, Chapters 1, 3, 4) Feldmeyer, B. Seminar in Criminology.
This means that the existing legal structure of the society establishes the rules and beliefs and function together as crime when disobeyed. The conflict view views society in a constant conflict due to the fact that it is filled with several diverse groups. Groups with more power are capable of progressing their position via law and the criminal justice system. It seems that criminal laws are put into effect in order to protect the wealthier groups from the poor. Conflict view protects the upper classes’ power and position by adding to the low... ... middle of paper ... ...els.
Who commits crimes? From the war on drugs, criminals predominately come from lower class and minorities. Having the three strikes law dictates who we’ll continue to incarcerate, which are individuals with low socioeconomic status and minorities. Oppression is an unfortunate but inevitable result of law because with power comes corruption and with corruption comes oppression.