Colonialism in the Caribbean Although Michelle Cliff, Antonio Benitez- Rojo, and Sidney Mintz all discuss the Caribbean in their writings they all have very distinct perspectives. In his writing, The Caribbean as a Socio-cultural Area, Sidney Mintz discusses the Caribbean from a historical standpoint in which he characterizes it as a socially united, rather than a culturally united one. Antonio Benitez- Rojo tries to explain the distinct cultures of the Caribbean with a combination of historical and personal knowledge , in his writing of The Repeating Island. While in her novel Abeng, Michelle Cliff uses an entirely different means of discussing the Caribbean because she does it through the eyes of a child. Despite having different outlooks in explaining the Caribbean they all record the theme of colonialism and their effects on people and society.
This condensed version of the first several decades of European influence in the New World are the common historical accounts rendered about early Caribbean history. How effective and accurate is this seemingly Eurocentric rendition of Caribbean History? There may not be one specific right or wrong answer to this inquiry. However, there are alternative methods of unveiling or unmasking a history lesson by simply starting in media res (in the middle of things) or even in the present times. This methodology of studying history is indeed a retracting and unmasking process in which society and culture convey the history of a particular country or region as the Caribbean.
What is the Caribbean? Many ask themselves, What is the Caribbean? What makes up the Caribbean? and How has each island created their identity due to their history? Sidney Mintz in the article, "The Caribbean as a Social-cultural Area" approaches a more social interpretation, Antonio Benítez-Rojo in the article "From the plantation to the Plantation" approaches a more humanistic interpretation while Michelle Cliff in her novel Abeng and her article "If I could write this in fire" takes on a more personal view.
The data collected, gives the reader a comprehension of how historians study the past, the questions often asked, the methods used to examine evidence and draw conclusions. It seeks to incorporate and establish that there are more historical accounts by Europeans historian than Caribbean, therefore, projecting an incomplete account of Caribbean history. In the end, the report will determine whether the history of the lower class (slaves) is yet
This research is important to the Caribbean because in order to gain a fuller understanding of the sociolinguistic situation of the Caribbean, the attitudes toward creole of propertied descendants of early European settlers who were born and raised in Martinique and St. Croix, must be analysed. In order to determine that the research paper is trustworthy; techniques and methods used must be critically analysed, using the research process as a guide. Many political changes have been happening in St. Croix throughout their history. Switching hands from Spain, Holland, England, France, The Knights of Malta, Denmark and the United States, this country has a rich cultural heritage where it contrasts with Martinique who was mainly colonised by the French and only received the English colonisation for a few years. The attitudes being investigated in both countries are analysed using Baker’s theoretical framework which identifies three major components for conceptualising attitudes.
Colonialism and acculturation and their impacts on the Caribbean islands were also important issues discussed by Mintz, Benitez-Rojo, and Cliff. Although Mintz, Benitez-Rojo, and Cliff have the same intention in analyzing the Caribbean, they all use different approaches. Mintz, a social scientist, uses the social approach to describing the region, while Benitez-Rojo, a literary analyst, uses the humanistic approach as he implements the "Chaos Theory" in his breakdown of the Caribbean’s history, and Cliff uses a more personal approach. In The Caribbean as a Socio-cultural Area, Sidney W. Mintz emphasizes how it is inaccurate to describe the Caribbean as a "cultural" area due to its complicated history. Their culture can not be characterized as "unified" or "Pan-Caribbean."
To better understand the differences and similarities between Caribbean islands and the people who inhabit them, a look at the works of three individuals can be of assistance. The first, Sidney Mintz, was a knowledgeable historian and well respected authority on the Caribbean. His article, titled, “The Caribbean as a Socio-cultural Area,” is based upon his efforts to create a rigid taxonomy of the Caribbean’s past and how that past affected the present. The second author, Antonio Benitez-Rojo, attempts to do the same thing as Mintz, albeit in a more modern and open-minded way, by breaking down the ideas of what makes the Caribbean the Caribbean. Benitez-Rojo uses the idea of “rhythms” to describe the connection and ideas of community that, to him, make up the idea of “the Caribbean.” The final author is not a historian or literary critic like the previous two, but she does offer perhaps the most revealing look at what life is like on a Caribbean island out of the three.
Thornton’s book is divided into two sections: Part I consists of four chapters which discuss the delicate interactions between Africa and Europe and its beginnings; Part II consists of six chapters, which discusses the role of Africans living in new colonial African Atlantic and the acculturation that took place within those societies. The seventh chapter is an expanded addition to the original text and covers the culture, economics and political structure during the eighteenth century. Thornton’s use of primary sources is a great accomplishment, as secondary sources for this time period are sparse, the wealth of primary sources in the form of contemporaneous written documents allow Thornton to meticulously design well-rounded and developed arguments that offer valuable insight into different views of Africa and the Atlantic world. In Part I, Thornton visits several over arching themes, here he discusses three main underlying issues tha... ... middle of paper ... ...ican culture. According to Thornton, the influx of slaves from different lands in and within the Diaspora allowed for a mixture of culture and history and the creation of new identities and communities.
It has a lot to offer, culturally, traditionally, and historically. Being such a diverse region that has encountered both successes and failures, there cannot one written history for the Caribbean as a whole. Instead the islands must be looked at on a more individualized basis, in order to fully experience what the Caribbean has to offer.
However, this does not detract from the applicability of the model to the present analysis, as it is an inherent feature of all ideal types (as is implied by the descriptor “ideal”). Also, while the general factors contributing to the evolution of Caribbean social policy has been highlighted, the specific ways in which these factors manifested in each country are extensively discussed. Fig. 1 Mishra’s Welfare Models1 Main Features Type of Welfare Residual Institutional Structural State responsibility in meeting needs (ideology of state intervention) Minimal Optimal... ... middle of paper ... ... Henry, Ralph and Moesire, Alicia. “Poverty Alleviation and Reduction Programmes: the Commonwealth Caribbean Experience” in Poverty, Empowerment and Social Development in the Caibbean.