A Discussion of Mother Tongue Teaching and Fine-tuning of Medium of Instruction for Hong Kong Secondary Schools from the Perspective of Educational Ai
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The medium of instruction (MOI) in secondary schools has been one of the main concerns of different parties in Hong Kong, including Education Bureau (EDB), the business sector, parents, school principals and teachers. It is because a high level of language proficiency not only helps students to achieve a good academic result, but also assist them to have a better career. As a result, the EDB constantly makes changes to the policy of MOI in order to satisfy the demands of different parties. The fine-tuning policy of MOI is the response of EDB to the controversial mother tongue teaching. In the following essay, four educational aims will be discussed first; then will talk about how the mother tongue teaching fails to achieve these aims and analyze how the fine-tuning policy is trying to eliminate the shortcomings of mother tongue teaching by meeting the educational aims put forward.
To begin with, there are four aims that education needs to achieve. First is personal development (Yang, 2009, p. 8), which means students have to acquire the basic knowledge of different subjects, possess high order thinking and have good interpersonal communication skills. This can be treated as a aim that is student centered (Yang, 2009, p. 8); second is society centered (Yang, 2009, p. 8) that hopes to achieve social and economic efficiency by employing workers with high educational level who have good language proficiency and possess adequate knowledge of their specialized discipline; third is subject centered (Yang, 2009, p. 8) which favors the academic research and development of different subjects; finally is future centered (Yang, 2009, p. 8) that hopes to build a desire society. In the case of Hong Kong, people long for sustaining the positio...
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