The Spanish and English called them savages and made them leave the lands where they were settled so that they could take their land for their own and begin to build their empires. Over the next couple of years the English began to treat the Native Americans a lot worse. They began to kill many of the Indi... ... middle of paper ... ...ant. We caused them pain and suffering for nothing because even though it took a long time we finally realized the error of our ways and gave much needed freedom back to the Native Americans. Taking away the Indians land for good and making them move to reservations was wrong in so many ways.
This, however, also turned against them. The Catholic Church role in the lives of the native population was a negative one due to its alliance with the Spanish monarchy and its forced conversion of the Indians. Works Cited: Terrar, Toby. "Catholic Mission History and the 500th Anniversary of Christopher Columbus's Arrival," Giles, Thomas S. "How Did Native Americans Respond to Christianity?" Christian Histoy Issue 35 Vol.
Many Pueblo Indians were converted under the threat of death, giving the Spanish a false sense of success in their ability to subjugate the native people. Spanish leaders and priests were either oblivious or uncaring to the discontent of the Pueblo, allowing dissention to grow right under their noses. The Pueblo Revolt of 1680, which occurred in present day New Mexico, saw 20 Pueblo villages unite to rise up against the Spanish, who had been colonizing the area, and at the time was the biggest Native American victory over European colonizers. Much of the reason for this rebellion can be traced back to Spain’s misunderstanding of Pueblo life, and their belief in their own superiority, as well as the Pueblo’s desires to hold on to their ancient traditions, and to renounce the Catholic doctrine that had often seen them abused. Understanding either side’s views of the other can help one to understand what lead up to this revolt.
Things Fall Apart: The Loss of a Tribe's Livelihood In Things Fall Apart we witnessed the destruction of a traditional native culture. More specifically we witnessed the challenge and weakening of Igbo spirituality, as well as the death of the tribe's livelihood. The apparent cause can be found in a seemingly good intended mission acting as a gateway for the intrusion of a foreign government, and its quest to conquer and domesticate a self-sustaining, prosperous culture. Although the Igbo downfall was caused primarily by the invasion of "Christian missionaries," their own religious doctrine and passivity played a significant role in allowing the initial infiltration of an alien religion, and the final dissolution of a once prosperous culture. It is also critical to consider if this downfall could have been prevented or channeled to produce a positive outcome.
In the beginning they were eager to build relationships, however after time passed many considered them as sons from the devil. The Europeans used their power of law and order to subdue and control the indigenous. They wanted to instill their beliefs, culture, and values onto the natives and used agents of directed culture change to influence the people. Missionaries played a major role in transforming the native communities. Missionaries believed they were helping the inhabitants by “converting and civilizing” the indigenous.
(Gibson 72) An extremely Christianized view of the natives was formed which viewed them as ignorant pagans. Some accounts reported that, “The natives were so savage and stupid as to be beyond belief. For the say, these early tribes were bestial, and that many ate human flesh; others taking their mothers and daughters for their wives, besides committing other great sins, having much intercourse with the devil, who they served and held in high esteem”(Hanson 29). This extremely biased thinking was common in the era of colonization among settled Europeans and sparked a crusade of Christianity on the aboriginal tribes to “westernize” their civilizations. The Europeans felt free to do this because they “found no native tradition worth preserving and where the Indian element was absorbed almost imperceptibly into the alien” (Salas 42).
“The Mission” is based on a true story that occurred around the borderlands of Argentina, Paraguay and Brazil in the years 1750’s according to the film and history. The Treaty of Madrid of 1750 with the Spanish and Portuguese caused both havoc and death for the people of the Guarini and the members of the Jesuits. The Jesuits, members of the church, tried to bring Christianity and civilization to the natives while keeping at peace with Spain and Portugal. The Jesuits were the teachers for the natives; Teaching them not only the Christian religion but also civilization. Father Gabriel, a Jesuit, is first introduced in the film when he is showing his respects to a former Jesuit priest killed by the natives.
Many people died in honor of their religion but a valid argument is that many more could have died from starvation. The Aztec’s admit they dedicated many of their tribes and prisoner’s lives to pleasing their gods in order to maintain the god’s happiness but there is a possible reality that they were forced to resort to cannibalism. The Spanish invaded the Aztecs territory twice; the first time they failed and the second time they succeeded. When they took control of the Aztec’s they made sure to end all sacrificing to false gods.
The Spaniards methods and strategies to convert Indians to Christianity moved from a pacified one more brutal and violent. Since the arrival of Christopher Columbus to the New World, it was clear that the mission of the Spaniard... ... middle of paper ... ...pt of living had to be reconstructed. This attempt supported even more the Indians believed that the Spaniards were harsh individuals. Franciscans efforts to Christianized the indigenous population became a problem for other Dominican missionaries because they believed that Christianization of the Indians was only a superficial conversion and that Indians were secretly committing religious acts that were not Christians. Their attempts to evangelize natives were not convincing to other people that believe that their approach was too pacified and a stronger enforcement had to be implemented in order to convert Indians fully .
The land and the tribute that was required of the Pueblos increased hostilities as forced labor was introduced. Two vastly differing beliefs regarding religion added to the mix. Spanish soldiers and priests were intent on converting the Pueblo Indians to Christianity and prevented the Pueblo Indians from communing with their gods. It is no surprise that all of these factors led to uprising and revolt. References John L. Kessel, Pueblos Spaniards and the Kingdom of New Mexico.