A Critical Look in Current Events Facing Juveniles in the Juvenile Justice System

analytical Essay
1801 words
1801 words

A Critical Look in Current Events Facing Juveniles in the Juvenile justice system The juvenile justice system was founded on the belief that juveniles should be rehabilitated from committing crime. It was the belief of the government that juveniles do not posses the cognitive reasoning of adults, therefore should not be punished as adults. The juvenile court was formed in 1899 with the belief that the government needs to play a more active role in the rehabilitation of juveniles. This belief held strong up until the 1980's when President Ronald Reagan took office. The beliefs in juvenile rehabilitation were fading and an alternative was rapidly being put into motion, juvenile incarceration. Juveniles being incarcerated was not new to the juvenile justice system at this time, but what was new was the faith that incarceration in itself a good way solving the rising rates of crime. The Reagan legacy opened up the doors to drastic change in the juvenile justice system, such as: more adult like treatment of juveniles, making them more responsible/culpable for their actions, more frequent detentions handed out, seeing juveniles in adult court, and even the death penalty for juveniles. The new direction the juvenile court was taking is what shaped the issues and controversies we see in our juvenile court system today. The main controversy with the juvenile justice system today is the new belief in the rise in the adult like punishment to being applied to juvenile offenders. This new reform has brought adult like approaches to juvenile court such as, mandatory minimum sentencing, juvenile's cognitive capacity, do juveniles belong in adult court and adult prisons, and the death penalty for juveniles. A main controversy ... ... middle of paper ... ..."2"> Greg Sukiennik, The America's Intelligence Wire. Financial Times, March 14, 2005 COPYRIGHT 2005 Financial Times Information Ltd. 3) Claudia Wallis With reporting by Eric Ferkenhoff/ Chicago; Wendy Grossman/Houston; Stacy J. Willis/Las Vegas, Too Young to Die: The Supreme Court nixes the juvenile death penalty. What that says about the Justices' thinking--and ours. Time, March 14, 2005 v165 i11 p40. COPYRIGHT 2005 Time, Inc. 4) Peggy Walker, Judge, Juvenile Court of Douglas County, SB440 and the Need to Reform Georgia's Practice Of Sending Youth to the Adult Criminal Justice System: Testimony of Judge Peggy Walker to the Senate Study Committee on Youth and Crime. June 1, 2004

In this essay, the author

  • Explains that the juvenile justice system was founded on the belief that juveniles should be rehabilitated from committing crime.
  • Argues that juvenile justice is based on the cognitive capacity of juveniles at certain ages.
  • Explains that the supreme court rejected a 14-year-old's bid to offer expert testimony about his inability to understand his miranda rights when he confessed to killing the robbery victim.
  • Explains dr. thomas j. grisso developed a protocol for clinicians to use in evaluating juvenile offenders' competence in the adult criminal justice system.
  • Explains that griffin is serving 40 years imprisonment, suspended after 30 years, with five years probation for the 1998 shooting of an 18-year-old robbery victim in a convenience store in new haven.
  • Opines that the decision to reject the bid was correct because the juvenile justice system is ineffective as deterring crime.
  • Argues that the strict mandatory sentencing for juvenile crimes is founded on the belief that juveniles will know how harsh the juvenile justice system is cracking down on certain crimes.
  • Opines that juveniles should have had the rights of adults if they are to be tried as one. juveniles are not adults and to try them as adults is ridiculous.
  • Explains that more policies leaning toward incarceration than rehabilitation have led to the increase of prisons being built.
  • Analyzes how the course entrepreneurial corrections: incarceration as a business opportunity brings to light the lucrative business of prisons.
  • Explains that the prison industry is a "billion" dollar industry. pelican bay state prison is cresent city and del norte county's largest employer.
  • Explains that prisons were created to punish the criminal law breakers and rehabilitation was the goal. the media plays a major role in portraying crime as rising when in reality the crime rates are going lower and lower.
  • Explains that the most extensive research on transfer of youth to the adult criminal justice system has shown that children are more likely to re-offend when they are tried and incarcerated.
  • Opines that the u.s. supreme court ruled recently that it was cruel and unusual to sentence anyone to death for crimes committed before the age of 18.
  • Opines that with the supreme court decision being so close, the juvenile justice system is always going to have its controversies.
  • Cites lisa siegel, law tribune staff writer, juvenile justice reforms aim high, and greg sukiennik, the america's intelligence wire.
  • Analyzes how the supreme court nixes the juvenile death penalty and the need to reform georgia's practice of sending youth to the adult criminal justice system.
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