The earlier church burned in 1194, it was rebuilt and has gained a much more appreciated and admirable character distinction, statuary, and stained glass. The distinct character of the thirteenth century was captured, through the “Age of Faith” period. The architecture is Gothic which was very popular in the 1200s. Gothic architects created a frame of support with columns and arches so that the walls no longer need to support the ceilings, but are freed up to hold windows. The Gothic structure allows for plenty of windows.
John Soane (1753 – 1837), is one of the most original English architects. Soane’s personal style is superficially Neo-Classical, but with his interest in death and ruins Soane was also very much at the forefront of the picturesque design. Whilst Gottfried Semper (1803 -79), a German architect, took up Neo-Renaissance design as well as a belief that in the expression of the function of a building in its exterior, including any decorative. This paper will concentrate upon examine the difference and similarities of those two prominent architects in the 19th century. More specifically arguing that both architects are vastly different in employing revivalism in their work and thus indicates the values and idea is of each nation is also different.
The Gothic style evolved from that of Romanesque, building on concepts and ideas that led to the creation of larger and grander structures. Today, mankind looks in awe at the structures that were built hundreds of years ago without the assistance of modern technology and equipment. These architectural styles are indisputably different, but equally profound. They made use of differing techniques to become tangible structures that can still be seen
The art and architecture of this period triggered the huge historical transformations that have contributed to the reshaping of culture and society today. The cathedrals along with their architectural components contain an immeasurable amount o... ... middle of paper ... ...of Gothic art or design. Works Cited “Bourges Cathedral.” City Of Bourges, 2011. http://www.ville-bourges.fr/english/heritage/cathedral.php (accessed 17th September 2011) Camille, Michael. “New Ways Of Seeing Gothic Art.” In Gothic Art, 10-11. London: Orion Publishing Group, 1996.
Large figures of the kings were placed in the frontage, while the entrance were lined by the pillar – statues of saints, angels and apostles and other parts of the buildings were covered with decorative cusps and finials. The Gothic sculptures revolutionary were beyond their Romanesque of precursors in their notion of the figures as independent. Gothic sculpture became more complex in the consequent centuries. Figure of the Virgin in the South transept of Notre Dame de Paris is an example of such Gothic figure in France. F... ... middle of paper ... ...hing truly inspiring.
Gothic was everywhere; it was in painting, in sculpture, and primarily in architecture. Gothic architecture can understood thoroughly through the study in the form of cathedrals of that time. The cathedral stands as the most comprehensive of the various trends that was brought along with the gothic architecture. If there was a cataclysmic event during that time where every thing was destroyed except the cathedrals, they alone could help us define the values and all the questions about the time period. It is interesting story that the cathedrals try to tell with scholasticism, politics, and the religion under the influential umbrella of the Christian ideology.
In fact, the only memorable pieces of this aesthetic design were the Saint-Chapelle and the Notre Dame de Chartres. Both were characterized much by tall towers, statues and sculptures covering the exterior, and beautiful stained glass windows covering the insides. These two structures are truly the pinnacle of gothic design in the 13th century.
An important structural development during the Romanesque period was the origin of the vault. The vault was originally designed as an alternative to the more fire prone wooden roofs but soon became a major architectural feature in all cathedrals. The Romanesque era and style also refers to the Norman variations in the church architecture which also occurred in the late 12th century. The Twin towers are considered examples of the typical Norman facade developed during the Romanesque period and which are now considered a standard of medieval cathedrals. Another development during the relatively short Romanesque period was the origins of the cruciform structure of the church in that church plans (as seen from above) are in the form of a crucifix; a feature usually associated with the later Gothic styles but which had originate... ... middle of paper ... ..., which was obviously influenced by Roman architecture saw the development of massive structures and Cathedrals and also included the introduction of the architectural features of the vaulted roofs.
From its beginnings in Early Gothic to its completion just before Perpendicular, Lichfield Cathedral poses a fine balance between development and refinement, is a magnificent example of patterns of embellishment, and proves to be a great accomplishment for Decorated Gothic. Lichfield Cathedral was developed on the grounds of what was first a Saxon and next a Norman site, but which became Gothic in 1195, when the style was emerging in England. The particular allure of this cathedral is its interment of St. Chad of Mercia, for whom many pilgrims gathered, and apparently continued to gather, as according to the cathedral’s website, “the Cathedral was expanded by the addition of a Lady Chapel, and there were perhaps as many as twenty altars around the Cathedral by 1500.” As such, the Cathedral expanded to accommodate the masses, but even before they entered, it would treat them to its visual splendor and awe. The towering spires seem much more daunting than they seem to actually try to be; for if the fleeting sunlight catches one of the golden cross finials, one might even find them more ecclesiastical than egregious. Like a fine coffee, the strong spires seem a suitably intimidating, smooth blend of the unfaceted (when at all present) Romanesque pinnacles and Early Gothic’s sharp peaks .
Depict the essential components of Neo-Classicism and say how it is contrasted from Baroque. Neo-formality components and its structures had a couple of characterizing attributes, for example, clean exquisite lines and an uncluttered presence. The perfect of neo-established structural engineering started as a response to the abundance of Baroque style and its deco. As the course and qualities of the neo-traditional moved to an effortlessness and calm qualification it came to be inclination. They both had a solid effect in today's planner plans.