With all this in mind, the reader can see that the theme of this piece is the battle of Native Americans to maintain their culture and way of life as their homeland is invaded by Caucasians. In addition to the theme, Erdrich’s usage of the third person limited point of view helps the reader understand the short story from several different perspectives while allowing the story to maintain the ambiguity and mysteriousness that was felt by many Natives Americans as they endured similar struggles. These two literary elements help set an underlying atmos... ... middle of paper ... ...omments on how the story itself draws many comparisons between her life and American Horse. Another example of the acclaim this story received can be found in “The Journal of the Short Story in English”, where the website states that Erdrich is able to add a new dynamic to this particular story in the sense that it is unique from all her other works while she still maintains her own personal style such as using multiple point of views. Like any other novel or short story, a lot can be learned about the actual story by understanding the historical content embedded in the piece.
A Message of Hope in Love Medicine Love Medicine, by Louis Eldridge attempts to confront the popular stereotypes of American Indians. The novel generally follows the history of a family of Chippewa Indians who live on and off a reservation. In a thoroughly humanist approach, Ms. Eldrige narrates each chapter in a different voice, and through extremely varied characters effectively shows the diversity of the Indians. This is an important aspect of the novel, as it demonstrates that there is no single stereotypical "Indian". The book begins with two scenes from a modern perspective, showing a turbulent family with fairly disturbing problems.
Mary Rowlandson was captive under King Phillips’s wife’s sister, and varying other Algonquian masters from February 20, 1676 through May 2, 1676. She recorded her narrative “as the war was slipping away from the Indians” (Calloway 93) and published it with popular acclaim. In the context of this tumultuous time, “it would be a grave mistake to ignore the clear indications that this narrative was intended primarily as a record of the author’s spiritual practices and to assume a specific existential and moral stance in the world” (Ebersole 20). Rowlandson’s intentions for the narrative no doubt “served religious and political aim... ... middle of paper ... ...ivity. Charlottesville and London: University of Virginia, 1995.
In Louise Erdrich’s The Round House and Arundhati Roy’s The God of Small Things, events from the past are used to develop the characters and plot lines in the novels. In The Round House, Mooshum’s stories of the windigoo that he tells in his dreams, the subplot involving Linda and Linden Lark, and the apparent negativity towards Catholicism shown on the reservation show the pervasive influence of the past on the present. In The God of Small Things, the inclusion of Pappachi’s moth throughout the novel, the constant referencing to the Love Laws, and continuing problems involving race relations show how much of an influence the past has on the present for the characters and the plot. The Round House, is a story of justice and tradition and how these two concepts can both help and hinder each other. As Joe, the protagonist of the novel, sets out on a quest to avenge the rape and near murder of his mother, he learns a lot about the culture and traditions that surround him on the reservation.
They also describe the way the society views them for being Indians or Indian descendant. To reach a poignant and deep point in the poems, the poets use several literary techniques and imagery in a way that the reader can visualize every description made in the works. Sherman Alexie’s poems and Wendy Rose’s poems such as “What the Orphan Inherits” and “Genealogical Research” describe the aspects that define an Indian. Sherman Alexie’s thematic is usually about the how the Indian society works, whereas Wendy Rose focuses more in personal experiences and her descendants. These two poems have diverse differences and similarities in their treatment of ideas about family.
It is well known that Native American cultures have been rich in oral traditions. Storytelling is but one aspect of that. Yet amongst the Native American poets covered in class there seem to be differing views of storytelling. Sherman Alexie looks at storytelling in "How To Write the Great American Novel" as that which has been stereotyped and mainstreamed into the dominant culture, while Joy Harjo seems to view storytelling in "Deer Dancer" as vital to the survival of culture. This essay will examine the storytelling aspects of both works.
Lahiri’s purpose of writing such fiction is to mirror the bitter realities of immigrant’s life. She herself has faced all these problems in her life while living between two cultures. She describes shift in identity and reasons behind this thing. Shifting identities need to be searched in a broader way. In the first chapter of the book Ethnicity as Intertextuality: Instantiations of “deep time” Floyd and Dhingra discuss issues of ethnic identity in Lahiri’s fiction no doubt if a person is struggling for ethnic identity, it is always hidden in past (10).
She sought refuge from the cold, and inhospitable environment of abandonment. She sought to get away from the only life she ever knew. The strategic placement of symbolism in the action of this story, provides vast areas with depth of knowledge from which the theme comes forth. The reader is pulled into character early on, by placing the conclusion up front, and placing the falling action at the end of the story. This creates a greater sense of surprise or shock value, and may even evoke a sense of true pity for Emily from the reader.
Simply summed up, “Using an autobiographical technique…[Erdrich] gives depth to her characters’’ personalities through her poetic sensibility toward language, using a vernacular diction, funny analogies, and epithets the evoke laughter...” (Hunter 474). Overall, Louise Erdrich had many impacts on her life including the death of her eldest son, her Native American and German heritage, and the suicide of her husband that influenced her to write “The Red Convertible.” The events in the story are parallels to her life.
A central tenet to Louise Erdrich’s novels are the narrators she employs to tell her stories. Each character from Nanapush to Marn Wolde offer their own perspective to the larger story as a whole and allow Erdrich to create a web of narrative complexity. Paula Gunn Allen argues in The Sacred Hoop: Recovering the Feminine in American Indian Traditions that Native American storytelling and storytellers act as mediators between conflicting views or sides (75). Erdrich takes this notion to heart in her novels; they offer the full scope of a story, branching out and backwards in time to provide the necessary details for a reader to fill in the gaps of the story. An idea mentioned by E. Shelly Reid describes the idea of cohesiveness or “wholeness” of narratives and how a reader is “...encouraged to be suspicious of gaps or hesitations” (69).