The team members need to reassess the plan at each and every phase of the project. Executing Process (Schwalbe, 2014): In executing phase the actions are done based on the demand of planning process. The project manager need to concentrate on executing phase along with the planning phase. The quality of the product need to be checked and also need to manage the stakeholders. Monitoring and controlling Process (Schwalbe, 2014): The project manager need to monitor the project team from beginning of the project to the end of the project need to verify if any issues to be solved and also need to check whether the objective needs are being met or not.
Planning (Schwalbe, 2014): Planning comprises the activities which will be used to implement the plans on executing a project such as scope, schedule, budget and procurement management plans. Project plans should be revised by project teams if any changes are required in the project. This phase is very critical in the project management because when a new scheme is applied substantial struggles are needed to change the plan. 3. Executing (Schwalbe, 2014): Executing a project is to complete the project by using the resources effectively and by following the plans determined in the planning stage.
Project Schedule and Risk Management: Project schedule and risk management are some of the most important components of project management. These components play a crucial role in project planning, which is a process used to organize various areas of a project such as workloads and management of the project team. Project schedule basically refers to a listing of the activities or tasks, milestones, and deliverables of a project that includes the expected start and finish dates. In essence, a project schedule is a tool that provides information about the tasks to be carried out, required resources to perform these tasks, and the timeframes in which each task will be completed (“Project Scheduling”, n.d.). Risk management is a process through which a project manager and team predicts risks, estimates impacts of these risks on the project, and describe reactions to these issues.
Entering and contracting Entering and contracting are the initial steps taken in the OD process, and is considered by many as one the most important steps of the process. The entering and contracting step will be utilized to set the pace and lay the foundation for the practitioner client relationship. They involve a preliminary evaluation of the organization’s opportunities for development, while establishing a collaborative relationship between the OD practitioner and the members of the client system. A major component of entering and contracting is to make a good decision about how to carry out the OD process. The contract allows the parties involved to explicitly set the direction of the project and how the process will take place.
A project life cycle “measures the work that goes into a project from” the start of the project to the end of the project (Taylor, 2016, para. 3). There are four phases of the project life cycle, and those phases are initiation, planning, implementation, and closure. The initiation phase of the project life cycle involves creating goals and business cases, once that is done, resources can be assigned. The planning phase of the project life cycle consists of solutions being researched in order to reach the goals of the project and to create a timeline as well as a plan so that the project can be completed.
The end users of the system under development will be involved in reviewing the output of each phase to ensure the system is being built to deliver the needed functionality. The subcomponents that play a role in the project need to fulfill some certain requirements. These requirements come out from the end user recommendations, and the features that will be available in the new version. The initial Planning Phase will produce an outline of the project. Serving as the basis for acquiring the resources needed to achieve our definitive goal.
An organization should develop an initial agreement prior to embarking on strategic planning. This process is essentially crucial because it outlines a clear understanding among key internal and external decision makers and leaders concerning the overall planning efforts of the organization. Now, what is strategic planning? Strategic planning is a process that redefines and strengthens the values, purpose, vision, mission, goals and objectives of an organization. The planning process an organization undergoes helps identify the outcomes it wants to achieve through its programs and the specific means by which it intends to achieve them.
Institutionalization and control. This final stage of the problem solution organization involves documenting the lessons learnt, updating policy documents, setting new control metrics, updating manuals as well as amending job descriptions. (Advameg.Inc,
Needs assessments are imperative to the success of a project. They are an essential part of the planning process. A need assessment guides the administrators as they define the terms of the project. A needs assessment is defined as, “a systematic approach to studying the state of knowledge, ability, interest, or attitude of a defined audience or group involving a particular subject” (McCawley, 2009, p. 3). An effective needs assessment provides insight, information, is objective, and assists in identifying gaps in services.